- -

Measuring social entrepreneurship and social value with leakage. Definition, analysis and policies for the hospitality industry

RiuNet: Institutional repository of the Polithecnic University of Valencia

Share/Send to

Cited by


Measuring social entrepreneurship and social value with leakage. Definition, analysis and policies for the hospitality industry

Show full item record

Narangajavana, Y.; Gonzalez-Cruz, T.; Garrigós Simón, FJ.; Cruz-Ros, S. (2016). Measuring social entrepreneurship and social value with leakage. Definition, analysis and policies for the hospitality industry. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. 12(3):911-934. doi:10.1007/s11365-016-0396-5

Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10251/82820

Files in this item

Item Metadata

Title: Measuring social entrepreneurship and social value with leakage. Definition, analysis and policies for the hospitality industry
Author: Narangajavana, Yeamduan Gonzalez-Cruz, Tomas Garrigós Simón, Fernando José Cruz-Ros, Sonia
UPV Unit: Universitat Politècnica de València. Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Informàtica
Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Organización de Empresas - Departament d'Organització d'Empreses
Issued date:
The aim is to analyze, define and examine the connections between social entrepreneurship and the generation of social value, considering the concept of leakage as a measure of social value creation and distribution for ...[+]
Subjects: Social entrepreneurship , Social value , Leakage
Copyrigths: Cerrado
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. (issn: 1554-7191 )
DOI: 10.1007/s11365-016-0396-5
Springer Verlag (Germany)
Publisher version: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11365-016-0396-5
Type: Artículo


Abu-Saifan, S. (2012), Social entrepreneurship: definition and boundaries. Technology Innovation Management Review, February, pp. 22–27.

Al-Rimmawi, H. A. (2003). Palestinian tourism: a period of transition. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 15(2), 76–85.

Alvord, S. H., Brown, L. D., & Letts, C. W. (2004). Social entrepreneurship and societal transformation: an exploratory study. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 40, 260–282. [+]
Abu-Saifan, S. (2012), Social entrepreneurship: definition and boundaries. Technology Innovation Management Review, February, pp. 22–27.

Al-Rimmawi, H. A. (2003). Palestinian tourism: a period of transition. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 15(2), 76–85.

Alvord, S. H., Brown, L. D., & Letts, C. W. (2004). Social entrepreneurship and societal transformation: an exploratory study. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 40, 260–282.

Andriotis, K. (2002). Scale of hospitality firms and local economic development – evidence from Crete. Tourism Management, 23(4), 333–341.

Archer, B. H. (1984). Economic impact: misleading multipliers. Annals of Tourism Research, 11, 517–518.

Ashoka (2014), Available at http://www.ashoka.org (Accessed 25 April 2014).

Ateljevic, J. (2009). Tourism entrepreneurship and regional development: example from New Zealand. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 15, 282–308.

Austin, J., Stevenson, H., & Wei-Skillem, J. (2006). Social and commercial entrepreneurship: same, different, or both? Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30, 1–22.

Baker, T., Gedjlovic, E., & Lubatkin, M. (2005). A framework for comparing entrepreneurial processes across nations. Journal of International Business Studies, 36, 492–504.

Blake, A. (2008). Tourism and income distribution in East Africa. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(6), 511–524.

Bohdanowicz, P., & Zientara, P. (2008). Hotel companies contribution to improving the quality of life of local commmunities and the well-being of their employees. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9(2), 147–158.

Boo, E. (1990). Ecotourism: the potentials and pitfalls. Washington DC: World Wildlife Fund.

Bornstein, D., & Davis, S. (2010). Social entrepreneurship, what everyone needs to know. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bosschee, J., & McClurg, J. (2003). Toward a better understanding of social entrepreneurship: some important distinctions (pp. 1–6). Minnesota: Institute for Social Entrepreneurs.

Brickson, S. L. (2007). Organizational identity orientation: the genesis of the role of the firm and distinct forms of social value. Academy of Management Review, 32(3), 864–888.

Britton, S. G. (1982). The political economy of tourism in the third world. Annals of Tourism Research, 9(3), 331–358.

Busenitz, L. W., West, G. P., Shepherd, D., Nelson, T., Chandler, G. N., & Zacharakis, A. (2003). Entrepreneurship research in emergence: past trends and future directions. Journal of Management, 29(3), 285–308.

Carmichael, B. A., & Morrison, A. (2011). Tourism entrepreneurship research. Tourism Planning & Development, 8(2), 115–119.

Certo, S. T., & Miller, T. (2008). Social entrepreneurship: key issues and concepts. Business Horizons, 51, 267–271.

Chell, E. (2007). Social enterprise and entrepreneurship, towards a convergent theory of the entrepreneurial process. International Small Business Journal, 25(1), 5–26.

Chell, E., Nicolopoulou, K., & Karatas-Özkan, M. (2010). Social entrepreneurship and enterprise: international and innovation perspectives. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 22(6), 485–493.

Chirenje, L. I., Chitotombe, J., Gukurume, S., Chazovachii, B., & Chitongo, L. (2013). The impact of tourism leakages on local economies: a case study of Nyanga District, Zimbabwe. Journal of Human Ecology, 42(1), 9–16.

Chowdhury, M. A. F., & Shahriar, F. M. (2012). The impact of tourism in a deficit economy: a conceptual model in Bangladesh, perspective. Business Intelligence Journal, 5(1), 163–168.

Cohen, B., & Winn, M. I. (2007). Market imperfections, opportunity and sustainable entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(1), 29–49.

Cornforth, C. (Ed.) (2003). The governance of public and nonprofit organizations: what do boards do? London: Routledge.

Costa, J., & Ferrone, L. (1995). Socio-cultural perspectives on tourism planning and development. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 7, 27–35.

Davis, K. (1973). The case for and against business assumption of social responsibilities. Academy of Management Journal, 16, 312–323.

Dees, J. G. (1998). The meaning of “social entrepreneurship” social entrepreneurship founders working group. Fuqua School of Business: Duke University Durham.

Dorado, S. (2006). Social entrepreneurial ventures: different values so different process of creation, no? Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 11, 319–343.

Dzisi, S., & Otsyina, F. A. (2014). Exploring social entrepreneurship in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 3(6), 233–241.

Eagles, P. F., McLean, D., & Stabler, M. J. (2000). Estimating the tourism volume and value in protected areas in Canada and the USA. George Wright Forum, 17(3), 62–76.

Emerson, J. (2003). The blended value proposition: integrating social and financial returns. California Management Review, 45(4), 35–51.

Ergul, M., & Johnson, C. (2011). Social entrepreneurship in the hospitality and tourism industry: an exploratory approach. Consortium Journal of Hospitality & Tourism, 16(2), 40–46.

Fletcher, J. E. (1989). Input-output analysis and tourism impact studies. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(4), 514–529.

Foster, W., & Bradach, J. (2005). Should nonprofits seek profits? Harvard Business Review, 83, 92–100.

Galdon, J. L., Garrigos, F., & Gil-Pechuan, I. (2013). Leakage, entrepreneurship, and satisfaction in hospitality. The Service Industries Journal, 33(7–8), 759–773.

Garrigos, F., Lapiedra, R. and Narangajavana, Y. (2000), Impacts of Terra Mitica in the Spanish resort of Benidorm. Paper presented at the tourism on islands and specific destinations, 10–14 December, Chios.

Garrigos, F., Galdon, J.L. and Gil (2015), The economic sustainability of tourism growth through leakage calculation. Tourism Economics, 21(4), 721–739.

Gollub, J., Hosier, A., & Woo, G. (2003). Using cluster-based economic strategy to minimize tourism leakages (pp. 1–56). Madrid: UNWTO.

Haddad, E. A., Porsse, A. A., & Rabahy, W. (2013). Domestic tourism and regional inequality in Brazil. Tourism Economics, 19(1), 173–186.

Hallak, R., Brown, G., & Lindsay, N. J. (2012). The place identity-performance relationship among tourism entrepreneurs: a structural equation modeling analysis. Tourism Management, 33(1), 143–154.

Hampton, M. (2005). Heritage, local communities and economic development. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(3), 735–759.

Harding, R. (2006). Social entrepreneurship monitor United Kingdom 2006. London: London Business School.

Hemingway, C. (2005). Personal values as a catalyst for corporate social entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Ethics, 60, 233–249.

Ho Kang, K., Lee, S., & Huh, C. (2010). Impacts of positive and negative corporate social responsibility activities on company performance in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29, 72–82.

Holcomb, J. L., Upchurch, R.S. & Okumus, F. (2007). “Corporate social responsibility: what are top hotel companies reporting?.” International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 19(6), 461–475.

Jayawardena, C. (2002). Mastering Caribbean tourism. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 14(2), 88–93.

Jayawardena, C., & Ramajeesingh, D. (2002). Performance of tourism analysis: a Caribbean perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 15(3), 176–179.

Johnson, S. (2000): Literature review on social entrepreneurship. Discussion Paper, the Canadian Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, University of Alberta. http://www.bus.ualberta.ca/ccse/Publications .

Kiss, A. (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19(5), 232–237.

Koh, K. Y. (2006). Tourism entrepreneurship: people, place, and process. Tourism Analysis, 11(2), 115–131.

Lacher, R. G., & Nepal, S. K. (2010). From leakages to linkages: local-level strategies for capturing tourism revenue in Northern Thailand. Tourism Geographies, 12(1), 77–99.

Lepoutre, J., Justo, R., Terjesen, S., & Bosma, N. (2013). Designing a global standardized methodology for measuring social entrepreneurship activity: the global entrepreneurship monitor social entrepreneurship study. Small Business Economics, 40(3), 693–714.

Lepp, A. (2008). Tourism and dependency: an analysis of Bigodi village, Uganda. Tourism Management, 29(6), 1206–1214.

MacMillan, I. C. (2005).Societal Wealth Creation via Experimental Entrepreneurial Philanthropy1 (No. 327).Working paper.

Mair, J., & Martí, I. (2006). Social entrepreneurship research: a source of explanation, prediction, and delight. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 36–44.

Mair, J., & Schoen, O. (2007). Successful social entrepreneurial business models in the context of developing economies: an exploratory study. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 2(1), 54–68.

Martin, R. L., & Osberg, S. (2007). Social entrepreneurship: the case for definition. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 5(2), 28–39.

Mbaiwa, J. E. (2005). Enclave tourism and its socio-economic impacts in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Tourism Management, 26(2), 157–172.

Meyer, D. (2007). Pro-poor tourism: from leakages to linkages. A conceptual framework for creating linkages between the accommodation sector and ‘poor’ neighboring communities. Current Issues in Tourism, 10(6), 558–583.

Milne, S. S. (1987). Differential multipliers. Annals of Tourism Research, 14(4), 499–515.

Mitchell, J., and Ashley, C. (2007), Leakage’claims: muddled thinking and bad for policy. ODI Opinion, 81(1), 1–2 .

Mort, G. S., Weerawardena, J., & Carnegie, K. (2003). Social entrepreneurship: towards conceptualization. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 8(1), 76–89.

Moscardo, G. (2014), Tourism and community leadership in rural regions: linking mobility, entrepreneurship, tourism development and community well-being Tourism Planning & Development, In press.

Mulgan, G., Tucker, S., Ali, R., & Sanders, B. (2007). Social innovation. What it is, why it matters and how it can be accelerated. Oxford: Unpublished manuscript.

Murphy, P. J., & Coombes, S. M. (2009). A model of social entrepreneurship discovery. Journal of Business Ethics, 87, 325–336.

Murphy, P., Pritchard, M. P., & Smith, B. (2000). The destination product and its impact on traveler perceptions. Tourism Management, 21(1), 43–52.

Neck, H., Brush, C., & Allen, E. (2009). The landscape of social entrepreneurship. Business Horizons, 52, 13–19.

Nyaupane, G. P., Morais, D. B., & Dowler, L. (2006). The role of community involvement and number/type of visitors on tourism impacts: a controlled comparison of Annapurna, Nepal and Northwest Yunnan, China. Tourism Management, 27(6), 1373–1385.

Pearce, J., & Doh, J. P. (2005). The high impact of collaborative social initiatives. MIT Sloan Management Review, 46, 329–339.

Peredo, A. M., & Chrisman, J. J. (2006). Toward a theory of community-based enterprise. Academy of Management Review, 31(2), 309–328.

Peredo, A. M., & McLean, M. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: a critical review of the concept. Journal of World Business, 41, 56–65.

Pharoah, C., Scott, D., & Fisher, A. (2004). Social enterprise in the balance. Glasgow: Charities Aid Foundation.

Pillay, M., & Rogerson, C. M. (2013). Agriculture-tourism linkages and pro-poor impacts: the accommodation sector of urban coastal KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Applied Geography, 36, 49–58.

Praszkier, R., & Nowak, A. (2012). Social entrepreneurship. Theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pratt, S. (2011). Economic linkages and impacts across the TALC. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(2), 630–650.

Ribot, J., & Peluso, N. (2003). A theory of access. Rural Sociology, 68(2), 153–181.

Robinson, J. (2006). Navigating social and institutional barriers to markets: how social entrepreneurs identify and evaluate opportunities. In J. Mair, J. Robinson, & K. Hockerts (Eds.), Social entrepreneurship. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Robles-Teigeiro, L., & Díaz, B. (2014). Estimation of multipliers for the activity of hotels and restaurants. Tourism Management, 40, 27–34.

Rodenburg, E. E. (1980). The effects of scale in economic development: tourism in Bali. Annals of Tourism Research, 7, 177–196.

Russell, R., & Faulkner, B. (2004). Entrepreneurship, chaos and the tourism area lifecycle. Annals of Tourism Research, 31, 556–579.

Sandbrook, C. G. (2010). Putting leakage in its place: the significance of retained tourism revenue in the local context in rural Uganda. Journal of International Development, 22, 124–136.

Scheyvens, R., & Russell, M. (2012). Tourism and poverty alleviation in Fiji: comparing the impacts of small-and large-scale tourism enterprises. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(3), 417–436.

Seelos, C., & Mair, J. (2005). Social entrepreneurship: creating new business models to serve the poor. Business Horizons, 48, 241–246.

Seelos, C., & Mair, J. (2007). Profitable business models and market creation in the context of deep poverty: a strategic view. Academy of Management Perspectives, 21(4), 49–63.

Shapley, R., & Knight, M. (2009). Tourism and the state in Cuba: from the past to the future. International Journal of Tourism Research, 11, 241–254.

Shaw, G., & Williams, A. M. (2004). Critical issues in tourism: a geographical perspective. Oxford: Blackwell.

Sheth, J. N., Newman, B. I., & Gross, B. L. (1991). Consumption values and market choice. Cincinnati: South Western publishing.

Sinclair, M. T. (1998). Tourism and economic development: a survey. Journal of Development Studies, 34(5), 1–51.

Sinclair, M. T., & Sutcliffe, C. M. S. (1988). The estimation of Keynesian income multipliers at the subnational level. Applied Economics, 20(11), 1435–1444.

Smith, C., & Jenner, P. (1992). The leakage of foreign exchange earnings from tourism. Travel and Tourism Analyst, 3, 52–66.

Smith, B. R., & Stevens, C. E. (2010). Different types of social entrepreneurship: the role of geography and embeddedness on the measurement and scaling of social value. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 22(6), 575–598.

Strobl, A., & Peters, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial reputation in destination networks. Annals of Tourism Research, 40, 59–82.

Szivas, E. (2001). Entrance into tourism entrepreneurship: a UK case study. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 3, 163–172.

Tahai, A., & Meyer, M. J. (1999). A revealed preference study of management journals’ direct influences. Strategic Management Journal, 20(3), 279–296.

Thompson, J., & Doherty, B. (2006). The diverse world of social enterprise. A collection of social enterprise stories. International Journal of Social Economics, 33(5/6), 361–375.

Torres, R. (2003). Linkages between tourism and agriculture in Mexico. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(3), 546–566.

Tosun, C. (2006). Expected nature of community participation in tourism development. Tourism Management, 27(3), 493–504.

Tosun, C., & Timothy, D. T. (2001). Shortcomings in planning approaches to tourism development in developing countries: the case of Turkey. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 13(7), 352–359.

Tracey, P., & Phillips, N. (2007). The distinctive challenge of educating social entrepreneurs: a postscript and rejoinder to the special issue on entrepreneurship education. The Academy of Management Learning and Education, 6(2), 264–271.

UN (1987) World Commission on Environment and Development, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future, Annex to General Assembly Document A/42/427.

Valle, E., & Yobesia, M. N. (2009). Economic contribution of tourism in Kenya. Tourism Analysis, 14(3), 401–414.

Von der Weppen, J., & Cochrane, J. (2012). Social enterprises in tourism: an exploratory study of operational models and success factors. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(3), 497–511.

Wanhill, S. (1994). The measurement of tourist income multipliers. Tourism Management, 15(4), 281–283.

Weerawardena, J., & Mort, G. S. (2006). Investigating social entrepreneurship: a multidimensional mode. Journal of World Business, 41, 21–35.

Wilkinson, P. F. (1989). Strategies for tourism in island microstates. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(2), 153–177.

Williams, C. C. (2007). Socio-spatial variations in the nature of entrepreneurship. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 1(1), 27–37.

Williams, P., & Soutar, G. N. (2009). Value, satisfaction and behavioral intentions in an adventure tourism context. Annals of Tourism Research, 36(3), 413–438.

Wiranatha, A.S., & Suryawardani, I.G.A.O. (2013). Responsibility of stakeholders in minimizing leakage of tourism industry. A case of Accommodation in Bali, Indonesia. Udayana University, Dempasar-Indonesia

Zahra, S. A., & Dess, G. G. (2001). Entrepreneurship as a field of research: encouraging dialog and debate. Academy of Management Review, 26(1), 8–10.

Zahra, S. A., Gedajlovic, E., Neubaum, D. O., & Shulman, J. M. (2009). A typology of social entrepreneurs: motives, search processes and ethical challenges. Journal of Business Venturing, 24, 519–532.

Zander, A. (1993). Making boards effective: the dynamics of nonprofit governing boards. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.




This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record