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Archaeological documentation and data sharing: digital surveying and open data approach applied to archaeological fieldworks

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Archaeological documentation and data sharing: digital surveying and open data approach applied to archaeological fieldworks

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dc.contributor.author Previtali, Mattia es_ES
dc.contributor.author Valente, Riccardo es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T08:08:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T08:08:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/116456
dc.description.abstract [EN] The open data paradigm is changing the research approach in many fields such as remote sensing and the social sciences. This is supported by governmental decisions and policies that are boosting the open data wave, and in this context archaeology is also affected by this new trend. In many countries, archaeological data are still protected or only limited access is allowed. However, the strong political and economic support for the publication of government data as open data will change the accessibility and disciplinary expertise in the archaeological field too. In order to maximize the impact of data, their technical openness is of primary importance. Indeed, since a spreadsheet is more usable than a PDF of a table, the availability of digital archaeological data, which is structured using standardised approaches, is of primary importance for the real usability of published data. In this context, the main aim of this paper is to present a workflow for archaeological data sharing as open data with a large level of technical usability and interoperability. Primary data is mainly acquired through the use of digital techniques (e.g. digital cameras and terrestrial laser scanning). The processing of this raw data is performed with commercial software for scan registration and image processing, allowing for a simple and semi-automated workflow. Outputs obtained from this step are then processed in modelling and drawing environments to generate digital models, both 2D and 3D. These crude geometrical data are then enriched with further information to generate a Geographic Information System (GIS) which is finally published as open data using Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards to maximise interoperability.Highlights:Open data will change the accessibility and disciplinary expertise in the archaeological field.The main aim of this paper is to present a workflow for archaeological data sharing as open data with a large level of interoperability.Digital acquisition techniques are used to document archaeological excavations and a Geographic Information System (GIS) is generated that is published as open data. es_ES
dc.description.abstract [ES] El paradigma de los datos abiertos está cambiando el enfoque de investigación en muchos campos de estudio como son la teledetección y las ciencias sociales. Está respaldado por decisiones gubernamentales y políticas que están impulsando la ola de los datos abiertos y en este contexto también la arqueología se ve afectada por esta nueva tendencia. En muchos países, los datos arqueológicos todavía están protegidos o se permite un acceso limitado. Sin embargo, el fuerte apoyo político y económico hacia la publicación de datos gubernamentales como datos abiertos también cambiará el panorama en el campo arqueológico. Para maximizar el efecto de los datos, su apertura técnica es de primordial importancia. De hecho, dado que una hoja de cálculo es más útil que la digitalización PDF de una tabla, de manera similar, la disponibilidad de los datos arqueológicos digitales y su estructuración mediante enfoques estandarizados es de importancia primordial para una utilización real de los datos publicados. En este contexto, el objetivo principal de este documento es presentar un flujo de trabajo para compartir datos arqueológicos como datos abiertos con un gran nivel de usabilidad técnica e interoperabilidad. La adquisición de datos primarios se realiza principalmente mediante el uso de técnicas de adquisición digital (por ejemplo, cámaras digitales y escaneado láser terrestre). El procesamiento de los datos crudos se realiza con software comercial para el registro de los escaneados y el procesamiento de imágenes que permite un procesamiento simple y semiautomático. Los resultados del área arqueológica obtenidos de este paso se procesan en modelos y entornos de dibujo que permiten generar modelos digitales, 2D y 3D. Esos datos geométricos crudos se enriquecen luego con información adicional para generar un Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG) que finalmente se publica con datos abiertos usando los estándares del Consorcio Geoespacial Abierto (OGC) que maximizan la interoperabilidad. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship The authors want to thank Prof. Philippe Pergola, who had the scientific direction of the archaeological fieldworks in Albenga, and dott. Stefano Roascio and dott.ssa Elena Dellù, who managed the on-field operations; dott. Giovanni Svevo for the help with on-field survey. Thanks to Fondazione Lamboglia and Fondazione De Mari which funded fieldworks. A special thanks to Fondazione Fratelli Confalonieri which funded the research. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València
dc.relation.ispartof Virtual Archaeology Review
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología virtual es_ES
dc.subject Reconstrucción 3D es_ES
dc.subject Información abierta es_ES
dc.subject Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG) es_ES
dc.subject Virtual archaeology es_ES
dc.subject 3D reconstruction es_ES
dc.subject Open data es_ES
dc.subject Geographic Information System (GIS) es_ES
dc.title Archaeological documentation and data sharing: digital surveying and open data approach applied to archaeological fieldworks es_ES
dc.title.alternative Documentación arqueológica e intercambio de datos: topografía digital y procedimiento con datos abiertos aplicado a trabajos de campo arqueológico es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.date.updated 2019-02-05T13:51:40Z
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/var.2019.10377
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Previtali, M.; Valente, R. (2019). Archaeological documentation and data sharing: digital surveying and open data approach applied to archaeological fieldworks. Virtual Archaeology Review. 10(20):17-27. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10377 es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10377 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 17 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 27 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 10
dc.description.issue 20
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-9947
dc.contributor.funder Fondazione Nino Lamboglia
dc.contributor.funder Fondazione De Mari di Savona
dc.contributor.funder Fondazione Fratelli Confalonieri
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