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Calculation Proposal for the Economic Level of Apparent Losses (ELAL) in a Water Supply System

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Calculation Proposal for the Economic Level of Apparent Losses (ELAL) in a Water Supply System

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dc.contributor.author Arregui de la Cruz, Francisco es_ES
dc.contributor.author Cobacho Jordán, Ricardo es_ES
dc.contributor.author Soriano Olivares, Javier es_ES
dc.contributor.author Jimenez-Redal, Ruben es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-28T20:02:40Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-28T20:02:40Z
dc.date.issued 2018 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 2073-4441 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/122860
dc.description.abstract [EN] The manuscript describes a simplified methodology with which to assess the economic level of apparent losses (ELAL) in a water utility. This economic point corresponds to the break-even point for which the marginal benefit of increasing the frequency of the apparent losses¿ reduction activities equalizes the marginal cost of their implementation. For this calculation, each apparent loss component, as defined by the International Water Association, has been subdivided into two additional categories. These categories have been established depending on how periodic activities conducted by the water utility to reduce apparent losses¿namely water meter replacement and customers¿ connection inspections¿may affect their magnitude. It has been found that the ELAL is influenced by intervention costs, the degradation rate of the accuracy of water meters and water tariffs. In addition, this work defines a set of performance indicators to benchmark the apparent loss¿s performance relative to the minimum achievable and optimum levels of the losses. Finally, two case studies on how the proposed calculation should be applied have been added to the appendices. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI AG es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Water es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Apparent losses es_ES
dc.subject Water losses es_ES
dc.subject Water meter accuracy es_ES
dc.subject Water meter management es_ES
dc.subject.classification MECANICA DE FLUIDOS es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA es_ES
dc.title Calculation Proposal for the Economic Level of Apparent Losses (ELAL) in a Water Supply System es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/w10121809 es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente - Departament d'Enginyeria Hidràulica i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Arregui De La Cruz, F.; Cobacho Jordán, R.; Soriano Olivares, J.; Jimenez-Redal, R. (2018). Calculation Proposal for the Economic Level of Apparent Losses (ELAL) in a Water Supply System. Water. 10(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121809 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://doi.org/10.3390/w10121809 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 10 es_ES
dc.description.issue 12 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\383091 es_ES


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