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Beyond the landscape: analysis of Neolithic circular ditch systems of Lower Austria with advanced virtual archaeoastronomy

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Beyond the landscape: analysis of Neolithic circular ditch systems of Lower Austria with advanced virtual archaeoastronomy

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dc.contributor.author Zotti, Georg es_ES
dc.contributor.author Neubauer, Wolfgang es_ES
dc.coverage.spatial east=15.804955800000016; north=48.10807699999999; name=Hochstraß, 3073, Àustria es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-02T10:43:16Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-02T10:43:16Z
dc.date.issued 2019-07-25
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/124741
dc.description.abstract [EN] This paper describes developments in virtual archaeology that started in a research project about the possible astronomical entrance orientation of Neolithic circular ditch systems (German Kreisgrabenanlagen, KGA) of Lower Austria. Starting from data analysis in a Geographical Information System (GIS), we will cover a simple way of modelling, and discuss three ways of visualisation for the combination of landscape and human-made buildings together with celestial objects. The first way involves extensions to the modelling program SketchUp to bring in just enough astronomical data for scientific evaluation. The second introduces a set of extensions to the open-source desktop planetarium program Stellarium, which can meanwhile be used to load a standard 3D model format to allow detailed research in astronomical orientation patterns, and light-and-shadow interaction over many millennia, even for researchers less familiar with astronomical programming. The third presents a “serious gaming” approach, which can provide the most natural view of the landscape, but requires at least some, if not deep, familiarity with astronomical and 3D computer graphics programming and, therefore, due to this considerably larger effort, appears to be mostly useful for outreach of high-profile results to the public. The entrances to the KGA of Lower Austria turned out to be mostly oriented following a purely terrestrial pattern of up- and downward sloping terrain, but with one noteworthy exception.Highlights:Virtual archaeology can help to better understand archaeological remains embedded in the landscape. Occasionally, the “landscape” concept must be extended to include the celestial landscape.Open-source development allowed the combination of a desktop planetarium with 3D landscape and architecture visualisation. Also, datable changes in the landscape can meanwhile be simulated.Astronomical elements added to a game engine can also be used to faithfully provide important insights while providing the most appealing visualisation environments so far, but with considerably more effort. es_ES
dc.description.abstract [ES] Este artículo describe los desarrollos en el campo de la arqueología virtual que se iniciaron en un proyecto de investigación sobre la posible orientación astronómica de la entrada de los sistemas de fosas circulares neolíticas (Kreisgrabenanlagen en alemán, KGA) de Baja Austria. Partiendo del análisis de los datos en un Sistema de Información Geográfica (SIG), cubriremos una forma sencilla de modelización, y discutiremos tres formas de visualización para la combinación de los paisajes y los edificios construidos por el hombre junto con objetos celestes. La primera forma implica extensiones del programa de modelado SketchUp que aporta sólo los datos astronómicos necesarios para la evaluación científica. El segundo introduce un conjunto de extensiones al programa de sobremesa, de código abierto y de planetario denominado Stellarium, que pueden utilizarse para cargar un formato de modelo 3D estándar que permita la investigación detallada de patrones de orientación astronómica y la interacción luz-sombra a lo largo de muchos milenios, incluso a investigadores menos familiarizados con la programación astronómica. El tercero presenta un enfoque de "juego serio", que puede proporcionar la visión más natural del paisaje, pero que requiere al menos cierta, si no profunda, familiaridad con la programación astronómica y de gráficos por ordenador en 3D y, por lo tanto, debido a este esfuerzo considerablemente mayor, parece ser mayormente útil para la divulgación de resultados destacados al público. Las entradas a la KGA de Baja Austria resultaron estar orientadas en su mayor parte siguiendo un patrón terrestre puro de terreno inclinado hacia arriba y hacia abajo, pero con una excepción digna de mención. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Project ASTROSIM was funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) under grant P21208-G19. We thank our colleagues Petra Schneidhofer, Martin Fera, Erich Nau, Klaus Löcker and Ralf Totschnig for their help during surveys. The Unity landscape described in this paper was made in collaboration with our media partner 7reasons. Thanks to the anonymous referees who suggested several clarifying additions. The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (archpro.lbg.ac.at) is based on an international cooperation of the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (A), Amt der Nieder-österreichischen Landesregierung (A), University of Vienna (A), TU Wien (A), ZAMG–Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (A), Airborne Technologies (A), 7reasons (A), RGZM Mainz–Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz (D), LWL–Federal state archaeology of Westphalia-Lippe (D), NIKU–Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage (N) and Vestfold fylkeskommune–Kulturarv (N). es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València
dc.relation.ispartof Virtual Archaeology Review
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología virtual es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología del paisaje es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología digital es_ES
dc.subject Juego serio es_ES
dc.subject Reconstrucción 3D es_ES
dc.subject Virtual archaeology es_ES
dc.subject Landscape archaeology es_ES
dc.subject Digital archaeology es_ES
dc.subject Serious game es_ES
dc.subject 3D reconstruction es_ES
dc.title Beyond the landscape: analysis of Neolithic circular ditch systems of Lower Austria with advanced virtual archaeoastronomy es_ES
dc.title.alternative Más allá del paisaje: análisis de los sistemas de fosas circulares neolíticas de la Baja Austria con arqueoastronomía virtual avanzada es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.date.updated 2019-07-26T08:16:19Z
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/var.2019.10772
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Zotti, G.; Neubauer, W. (2019). Beyond the landscape: analysis of Neolithic circular ditch systems of Lower Austria with advanced virtual archaeoastronomy. Virtual Archaeology Review. 10(21):90-102. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10772 es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10772 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 90 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 102 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 10
dc.description.issue 21
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-9947
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