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Effectiveness of water-oriented thinning in two semiarid forests: The redistribution of increased net rainfall into soil water, drainage and runoff

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Effectiveness of water-oriented thinning in two semiarid forests: The redistribution of increased net rainfall into soil water, drainage and runoff

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dc.contributor.author Campo García, Antonio Dámaso Del es_ES
dc.contributor.author González Sanchis, María del Carmen es_ES
dc.contributor.author Molina Herrera, Antonio es_ES
dc.contributor.author Garcia-Prats, Alberto es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ceacero, Carlos J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Bautista, Inmaculada es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-06T20:01:28Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-06T20:01:28Z
dc.date.issued 2019 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0378-1127 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/125207
dc.description.abstract [EN] Water is the key element that modulates the provision of goods and services together with global/climate stressors affecting semiarid forests. In this sense, there is a need to improve the understanding and quantification of forest and water relationships as affected by forest management. This work addresses this issue by comparing net rainfall (Pn) redistribution into different belowground hydrological processes (BHP) in two forest types after a thinning treatment: a holm oak coppice (HU) and a post-fire Aleppo pine regeneration (CAL). The relative contribution (RI) of forest structure, antecedent soil moisture (¿st), rainfall and meteorological conditions on the BHP was assessed through boosted regression trees models. In both sites, the RI of the forest structure itself was limited (< 10%). However, ¿st, which clearly increased significantly with thinning, received an average RI of 29%. Surface and subsurface lateral flows showed values<1% of gross rainfall (Pg) in either site and were not significantly affected by thinning. On the other hand, soil moisture and drainage were affected by the thinning treatment, although with different extent depending on the site: in the drier site (CAL), the increased Pn in the thinning was mainly allocated into increased soil water content, with very limited improvement in drainage (< 10 mm/year); in contrast, in the wetter continental site of HU, drainage to deeper soil layers was the most remarkable effect of thinning (50 mm/year higher than in control), given the higher ¿st and hence the lower soil water storage available. Thinning also improved the response of BHP during drought, making these processes more elastic and less vulnerable to climatic extremes. The results presented here complement those previously reported on rainfall partitioning in these sites and all together provide a comprehensive understanding of the short-term effect (3¿4 years) of water-oriented silviculture in Quercus ilex and Pinus halepensis low-biomass semiarid forests. Questions such as the long-term effects of thinning remain open for these ecosystems. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This study is a component of research projects: HYDROSIL (CGL2011-28776-C02-02), SILWAMED (CGL2014-58127-C3-2), CEHYRFO-MED (CGL2017-86839-C3-2-R) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Spain), FEDER funds (EU) and LIFE17 CCA/ES/000063 RESILIENTFORESTS. The authors are grateful to the Valencia Regional Government (CMAAUV), VAERSA, ACCIONA, the "Sierra Calderona" Natural Park and the communal authority of Serra, for their support in allowing the use of the experimental forest and for their assistance in carrying out the fieldwork. A.J. Molina is beneficiary of a "Juan de la Cierva" post-doctoral fellowship funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Forest Ecology and Management es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Adaptive silviculture es_ES
dc.subject Forest hydrology es_ES
dc.subject Aleppo pine Pinus halepensis es_ES
dc.subject Holm oak Quercus ilex es_ES
dc.subject Boosted regression trees es_ES
dc.subject Elasticity analysis es_ES
dc.subject.classification EDAFOLOGIA Y QUIMICA AGRICOLA es_ES
dc.subject.classification TECNOLOGIA DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA es_ES
dc.title Effectiveness of water-oriented thinning in two semiarid forests: The redistribution of increased net rainfall into soil water, drainage and runoff es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.02.020 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC//LIFE17 CCA%2FES%2F000063/EU/Coupling water, fire and climate resilience with biomass production in Forestry to adapt watersheds to climate change/LIFE RESILIENT FORESTS/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//CGL2014-58127-C3-2-R/ES/DESARROLLO DE CONCEPTOS Y CRITERIOS PARA UNA GESTION FORESTAL DE BASE ECO-HIDROLOGICA COMO MEDIDA DE ADAPTACION AL CAMBIO GLOBAL (SILWAMED)/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MICINN//CGL2011-28776-C02-02/ES/CARACTERIZACION HIDROLOGICA DE LA ESTRUCTURA FORESTAL A ESCALA PARCELA PARA LA IMPLEMENTACION DE SILVICULTURA ADAPTATIVA/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016/CGL2017-86839-C3-2-R/ES/INCORPORACION DE CRITERIOS ECO-HIDROLOGICOS Y DE RESILIENCIA FRENTE A PERTURBACIONES CLIMATICAS Y DEL FUEGO EN LA PLANIFICACION Y GESTION FORESTAL DE CUENCAS MEDITERRANEAS/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente - Departament d'Enginyeria Hidràulica i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Química - Departament de Química es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería del Agua y del Medio Ambiente - Institut Universitari d'Enginyeria de l'Aigua i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Campo García, ADD.; González Sanchis, MDC.; Molina Herrera, A.; Garcia-Prats, A.; Ceacero, CJ.; Bautista, I. (2019). Effectiveness of water-oriented thinning in two semiarid forests: The redistribution of increased net rainfall into soil water, drainage and runoff. Forest Ecology and Management. 438:163-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.02.020 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.02.020 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 163 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 175 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 438 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\391560 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Agencia Estatal de Investigación es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Commission es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación es_ES


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