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Multi-Level Characterization of Eggplant Accessions from Greek Islands and the Mainland Contributes to the Enhancement and Conservation of this Germplasm and Reveals a Large Diversity and Signatures of Differentiation between both Origins

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Multi-Level Characterization of Eggplant Accessions from Greek Islands and the Mainland Contributes to the Enhancement and Conservation of this Germplasm and Reveals a Large Diversity and Signatures of Differentiation between both Origins

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dc.contributor.author Gramazio, Pietro es_ES
dc.contributor.author Chatziefstratiou, Eleni es_ES
dc.contributor.author Petropoulos, Constantinos es_ES
dc.contributor.author Chioti, Vasileia es_ES
dc.contributor.author Mylona, Photini es_ES
dc.contributor.author Kapotis, George es_ES
dc.contributor.author Vilanova Navarro, Santiago es_ES
dc.contributor.author Prohens Tomás, Jaime es_ES
dc.contributor.author Papasotiropoulos, Vasileios es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-09T03:01:07Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-09T03:01:07Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-13 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/142902
dc.description.abstract [EN] Crop landraces are found in many inhabited islands of Greece. Due to the particularity of environment and isolation from the mainland, Greek islands represent a natural laboratory for comparing the diversity of landraces from the islands with those of the Greek mainland. A collection of 36 Greek eggplant landraces and traditional cultivars from the mainland and the islands has been phenotypically and genetically characterized using 22 morphological descriptors and 5 SSR markers. The mineral composition (K, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) of fruits was also determined. The objectives of this study include the multi-level characterization of eggplant local landraces and the comparison of diversity among accessions from the Greek mainland and the islands. Characterization of eggplant landraces will contribute to the enhancement and prevention of genetic erosion in this local group and will provide a resource for future investigation and breeding. PCA analysis of morphological traits explained 45.4% of the total variance revealing the formation of two clusters, one with most of the island accessions, and another with most of the mainland ones. The SSR markers used exhibited high average values for the number of alleles/locus (4.6), expected heterozygosity (0.60) and PIC (0.55), while the observed heterozygosity was low (0.13). Both STRUCTURE and PCoA analyses based on SSR data revealed two genetic clusters, one made up mainly by the mainland accessions, while the other one was mainly made up by the island accessions. Although there was considerable variation among the landraces for the concentration of minerals studied, only average Mg concentration was significantly different between mainland and island accessions. Based on our data, the Greek eggplant landraces present considerable morphological and genetic diversity with some differentiation signatures between the island and the mainland accessions. Our results have implications for conservation of Greek landraces and suggest that Greece might be considered as part of a secondary center of diversity for eggplant in the Mediterranean basin. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship "PlantUP" (MIS 5002803) which is implemented under the Action "Reinforcement of the Research and Innovation Infrastructure", funded by the Operational Programme "Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation" (NSRF 2014-2020) and co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Regional Development Fund). Funding was also received from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No 677379 (G2P-SOL project: Linking genetic resources, genomes and phenotypes of Solanaceous crops), and from Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades, Agencia Estatal de Investigacion and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (grant RTI-2018-094592-B-100 from MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE). Pietro Gramazio is grateful to Universitat Politecnica de Valencia and to Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for their respective postdoctoral grants (PAID-10-18 and FY2019 JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Research in Japan [Standard]). es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Agronomy es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Solanum melongena es_ES
dc.subject Germplasm es_ES
dc.subject Greece es_ES
dc.subject Islands es_ES
dc.subject Mainland es_ES
dc.subject Phenotyping es_ES
dc.subject Genotyping es_ES
dc.subject Mineral composition es_ES
dc.subject Landraces es_ES
dc.subject.classification GENETICA es_ES
dc.title Multi-Level Characterization of Eggplant Accessions from Greek Islands and the Mainland Contributes to the Enhancement and Conservation of this Germplasm and Reveals a Large Diversity and Signatures of Differentiation between both Origins es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/agronomy9120887 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/677379/EU/Linking genetic resources, genomes and phenotypes of Solanaceous crops/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/JSPS//FY2019/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/NSRF//MIS 5002803/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/UPV//PAID-10-18/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/RTI2018-094592-B-I00/ES/INTROGRESION DE TOLERANCIA A LA SEQUIA PROCEDENTE DE ESPECIES SILVESTRES PARA LA MEJORA GENETICA DE LA BERENJENA/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Biotecnología - Departament de Biotecnologia es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Gramazio, P.; Chatziefstratiou, E.; Petropoulos, C.; Chioti, V.; Mylona, P.; Kapotis, G.; Vilanova Navarro, S.... (2019). Multi-Level Characterization of Eggplant Accessions from Greek Islands and the Mainland Contributes to the Enhancement and Conservation of this Germplasm and Reveals a Large Diversity and Signatures of Differentiation between both Origins. Agronomy. 9(12):1-20. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120887 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120887 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 20 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 9 es_ES
dc.description.issue 12 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 2073-4395 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\407109 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Agencia Estatal de Investigación es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Japan Society for the Promotion of Science es_ES
dc.contributor.funder National Strategic Reference Framework, Grecia es_ES
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