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Relevant factors in the design of composite ballistic helmets

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Relevant factors in the design of composite ballistic helmets

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dc.contributor.author Palomar-Toledano, Marta es_ES
dc.contributor.author Lozano-Mínguez, Estívaliz es_ES
dc.contributor.author Rodriguez-Millán, Marcos es_ES
dc.contributor.author Miguélez, María Henar es_ES
dc.contributor.author Giner Maravilla, Eugenio es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-12T03:33:38Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-12T03:33:38Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10-01 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0263-8223 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/146172
dc.description.abstract [EN] In this paper, the design methodology of composite ballistic helmets has been enhanced considering biomechanical requirements by means of finite element analysis. Modern combat helmets lead to a new type of non-penetrating injury, the Behind Helmet Blunt Trauma (BHBT), generated by the deformation of the inner face of the helmet, the so-called backface deformation (BFD). Current standard testing methodologies use BFD as the main measure in ballistic testing. Nonetheless, this work discusses the relationship between this mechanical parameter and the head trauma (BHBT) by studying different head injury criteria. A numerical model consisting of a helmet and a human head is developed and validated with experimental data from literature. The consequences of non-penetrating high-speed ballistic impacts upon the human head protected by an aramid combat helmet are analysed, concluding that the existing testing methodologies fail to predict many types of head injuries. The influence of other parameters like bullet velocity or head dimensions is analysed. Usually, a single-sized helmet shell is manufactured and the different sizes are adjusted by varying the foam pad thickness. However, one of the conclusions of this work is that pad thickness is critical to avoid BHBT and must be considered in the design process. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship The authors thank the financial support received from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF-FEDER) through the project RTC-2015-3887-8, and from the Conselleria d'Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport of the Generalitat Valenciana through the program PROMETEO 2016/007. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation MINISTERIO DE ECONOMIA INDUSTRIA Y COMPETITIVIDAD /RTC-2015-3887-8-AR es_ES
dc.relation GENERALITAT VALENCIANA/PROMETEO/2016/007 es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Composite Structures es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Combat helmet design es_ES
dc.subject Ballistic standards es_ES
dc.subject Human head model es_ES
dc.subject Head injury criteria es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA MECANICA es_ES
dc.title Relevant factors in the design of composite ballistic helmets es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.05.076 es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica y de Materiales - Departament d'Enginyeria Mecànica i de Materials es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Palomar-Toledano, M.; Lozano-Mínguez, E.; Rodriguez-Millán, M.; Miguélez, MH.; Giner Maravilla, E. (2018). Relevant factors in the design of composite ballistic helmets. Composite Structures. 201:49-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.05.076 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.05.076 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 49 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 61 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 201 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\363948 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Generalitat Valenciana es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Regional Development Fund es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad es_ES


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