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A Search for Cosmic Neutrino and Gamma-Ray Emitting Transients in 7.3 yr of ANTARES and Fermi LAT Data

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A Search for Cosmic Neutrino and Gamma-Ray Emitting Transients in 7.3 yr of ANTARES and Fermi LAT Data

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dc.contributor.author Ayala, H.A. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Cowen, D.F. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Delaunay, J.J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Fox, D. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Keivani, A. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Mostafa, M. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Murase, K. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Turley, C.F. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Amon, A. Albert es_ES
dc.contributor.author Andre, M. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Anghinolfi, M. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Anton, G. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ardid Ramírez, Miguel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Aubert, J.J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Aublin, J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Martínez Mora, Juan Antonio es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-07T04:32:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-07T04:32:12Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-01 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0004-637X es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/154379
dc.description.abstract [EN] We analyze 7.3 yr of ANTARES high-energy neutrino and Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) g-ray data in search of cosmic neutrino + g-ray (n+g) transient sources or source populations. Our analysis has the potential to detect either individual n+g transient sources (durations dt<=1000 s), if they exhibit sufficient g-ray or neutrino multiplicity, or a statistical excess of n+g transients of individually lower multiplicities. Individual high g-ray multiplicity events could be produced, for example, by a single ANTARES neutrino in coincidence with a LAT-detected g-ray burst. Treating ANTARES track and cascade event types separately, we establish detection thresholds by Monte Carlo scrambling of the neutrino data, and determine our analysis sensitivity by signal injection against these scrambled data sets. We find our analysis is sensitive to n+g transient populations responsible for >5% of the observed gamma-coincident neutrinos in the track data at 90% concidence. Applying our analysis to the unscrambled data reveals no individual n+g events of high significance; two ANTARES track+ Fermi g-ray events are identi¿ed that exceed a once per decade false alarm rate threshold (p = 17%).No evidence for subthreshold ¿+¿ source populations is found among the track (p = 39%) or cascade (p = 60%) events. Exploring a possible correlation of high-energy neutrino directions with Fermi g-ray sky brightness identi¿ed in previous work yields no added support for this correlation. While TXS 0506+056, a blazar and variable (nontransient) Fermi g-ray source, has recently been identified as the first source of high-energy neutrinos, the challenges in reconciling observations of the Fermi g-ray sky, the IceCube high-energy cosmic neutrinos, and ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays using only blazars suggest a significant contribution by other source populations. Searches for transient sources of high-energy neutrinos thus remain interesting, with the potential for either neutrino clustering or multimessenger coincidence searches to lead to discovery of the first n+g transients. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship The authors thank David Thompson for helpful discussions. We gratefully acknowledge support from Penn State's Office of the Senior Vice President for Research, the Eberly College of Science, and the Penn State Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. PHY-1708146. K.M. is supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. PHY-1620777. The authors acknowledge the financial support of the funding agencies: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Commissariat a l'energie atomique et aux energies alternatives (CEA), Commission Europeenne (FEDER fund and Marie Curie Program), Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), IdEx program and UnivEarthS Labex program at Sorbonne Paris Cite (ANR-10-LABX-0023 and ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02), Labex OCEVU (ANR-11-LABX-0060) and the A*MIDEX project (ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02), Region Ile-de-France (DIM-ACAV), Region Alsace (contrat CPER), Region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Departement du Var and Ville de La Seyne-sur-Mer, France; Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Italy; Nederlandse organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), the Netherlands; Council of the President of the Russian Federation for young scientists and leading scientific schools supporting grants, Russia; Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI), Romania; Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO): Plan Estatal de Investigacion (refs. FPA2015-65150-C3-1-P, -2-P and -3-P, (MINECO/FEDER)), Severo Ochoa Centre of Excellence and Red Consolider MultiDark (MINECO), and Prometeo and Grisolia programs (Generalitat Valenciana), Spain; Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Professional Training, Morocco. We also acknowledge the technical support of Ifremer, AIM and Foselev Marine for the sea operation and the CC-IN2P3 for the computing facilities. Software: Astropy (The Astropy Collaboration 2018), Matplotlib (Hunter 2007), HEASoft (Nasa High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (Heasarc), 2014), HEALPix (Gorski et al. 2005), SciPy (Jones et al. 2001-2019) es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher American Astronomical Society es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof The Astrophysical Journal es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject BL Lacertae objects: general es_ES
dc.subject Cosmic rays es_ES
dc.subject Gamma-ray burst: general es_ES
dc.subject Gamma rays: general es_ES
dc.subject Neutrinos es_ES
dc.subject.classification FISICA APLICADA es_ES
dc.title A Search for Cosmic Neutrino and Gamma-Ray Emitting Transients in 7.3 yr of ANTARES and Fermi LAT Data es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3847/1538-4357/ab4a74 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//FPA2015-65150-C3-1-P/ES/PARTICIPACION DEL IFIC EN ANTARES, KM3NET-ARCA%2FORCA Y PDG/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ANR//ANR-11-LABX-0060/FR/Origines, Constituants et EVolution de l'Univers/OCEVU/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ANR//ANR-11-IDEX-0005/FR/Université Sorbonne Paris Cité/USPC/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ANR//ANR-11-IDEX-0001/FR/INITIATIVE D'EXCELLENCE AIX MARSEILLE UNIVERSITE/Amidex/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/NSF//1708146/US/The Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/NSF//1620777/US/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ANR//ANR-10-LABX-0023/FR/Earth - Planets - Universe: observation, modeling, transfer/UnivEarthS/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//FPA2015-65150-C3-3-P/ES/PARTICIPACION DE LA UGR EN ANTARES, KM3NET-ARCA%2FORCA Y PDG/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//FPA2015-65150-C3-2-P/ES/PARTICIPACION DE LA UPV EN ANTARES Y KM3NET-ARCA%2FORCA/ es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI//FPA2017-90566-REDC/ES/RED CONSOLIDER MULTIDARK/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Física Aplicada - Departament de Física Aplicada es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Ayala, H.; Cowen, D.; Delaunay, J.; Fox, D.; Keivani, A.; Mostafa, M.; Murase, K.... (2019). A Search for Cosmic Neutrino and Gamma-Ray Emitting Transients in 7.3 yr of ANTARES and Fermi LAT Data. The Astrophysical Journal. 886(2):1-8. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4a74 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4a74 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 8 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 886 es_ES
dc.description.issue 2 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\401654 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder A*Midex Foundation es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Francia es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Commission es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Region Ile-de-France es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Generalitat Valenciana es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Alfred P. Sloan Foundation es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Conseil Régional d'Alsace es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Université Sorbonne Paris Cité es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Institut Universitaire de France es_ES
dc.contributor.funder National Science Foundation, EEUU es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Regional Development Fund es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Conseil Régional Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Département du Var and Ville de La Seyne-sur-Mer es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Alemania es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Francia es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Council on grants of the President of the Russian Federation es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives, Francia es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Laboratoire d'Excellence OCEVU (Origines, Constituants & ÉVolution de l'Univers) es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Executive Agency for Higher Education, Scientific Research, Development and Innovation Funding, Rumanía es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministère de l'Education Nationale, de la Formation professionnelle, de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique, Marruecos es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Agencia Estatal de Investigación es_ES
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