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Analyzing links between spatio-temporal metrics of built-up areas and socio-economic indicators on a semi-global scale

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Analyzing links between spatio-temporal metrics of built-up areas and socio-economic indicators on a semi-global scale

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dc.contributor.author Sapena Moll, Marta es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ruiz Fernández, Luis Ángel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Taubenböck, Hannes es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-22T03:32:18Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-22T03:32:18Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07-11 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/166661
dc.description.abstract [EN] Manifold socio-economic processes shape the built and natural elements in urban areas. They thus influence both the living environment of urban dwellers and sustainability in many dimensions. Monitoring the development of the urban fabric and its relationships with socio-economic and environmental processes will help to elucidate their linkages and, thus, aid in the development of new strategies for more sustainable development. In this study, we identified empirical and significant relationships between income, inequality, GDP, air pollution and employment indicators and their change over time with the spatial organization of the built and natural elements in functional urban areas. We were able to demonstrate this in 32 countries using spatio-temporal metrics, using geoinformation from databases available worldwide. We employed random forest regression, and we were able to explain 32% to 68% of the variability of socio-economic variables. This confirms that spatial patterns and their change are linked to socio-economic indicators. We also identified the spatio-temporal metrics that were more relevant in the models: we found that urban compactness, concentration degree, the dispersion index, the densification of built-up growth, accessibility and land-use/land-cover density and change could be used as proxies for some socio-economic indicators. This study is a first and fundamental step for the identification of such relationships at a global scale. The proposed methodology is highly versatile, the inclusion of new datasets is straightforward, and the increasing availability of multi-temporal geospatial and socio-economic databases is expected to empirically boost the study of these relationships from a multi-temporal perspective in the near future. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Conceptualization, Marta Sapena and Luis A. Ruiz; data curation, Marta Sapena; investigation, Marta Sapena, Luis A. Ruiz and Hannes Taubenböck; methodology, Marta Sapena; resources, Luis A. Ruiz and Hannes Taubenböck; supervision, Luis A. Ruiz; validation, Marta Sapena; writing¿original draft, Marta Sapena; writing¿review and editing, Luis A. Ruiz and Hannes Taubenböck. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI AG es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Urban growth es_ES
dc.subject Socio-economic variables es_ES
dc.subject Spatio-temporal metrics es_ES
dc.subject Global analysis es_ES
dc.subject IndiFrag es_ES
dc.subject GHSL es_ES
dc.subject OECD es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA CARTOGRAFICA, GEODESIA Y FOTOGRAMETRIA es_ES
dc.title Analyzing links between spatio-temporal metrics of built-up areas and socio-economic indicators on a semi-global scale es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/ijgi9070436 es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Cartográfica Geodesia y Fotogrametría - Departament d'Enginyeria Cartogràfica, Geodèsia i Fotogrametria es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Sapena Moll, M.; Ruiz Fernández, LÁ.; Taubenböck, H. (2020). Analyzing links between spatio-temporal metrics of built-up areas and socio-economic indicators on a semi-global scale. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 9(7):1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9070436 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9070436 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 22 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 9 es_ES
dc.description.issue 7 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 2220-9964 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\415497 es_ES


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