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Particulate matter concentrations and emissions in rabbit farms

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Particulate matter concentrations and emissions in rabbit farms

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dc.contributor.author Adell Sales, Elisa es_ES
dc.contributor.author Calvet Sanz, Salvador es_ES
dc.contributor.author Torres, Antonio G. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Cambra López, María es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-18T12:15:42Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03-30
dc.identifier.issn 1257-5011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/16683
dc.description.abstract [EN] The extent of the potential health hazards of particulate matter (PM) inside rabbit farms and the magnitude of emission levels to the outside environment are still unknown, as data on PM concentrations and emissions in and from such buildings is scarce. The purpose of this study was to quantify airborne PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations and emissions on two rabbit farms in Mediterranean conditions and identify the main factors related with farm activities influencing PM generation. Concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were determined continuously using a tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) in one farm with fattening rabbits and one reproductive doe farm in autumn. At the same time as PM sampling, the time and type of human farm activity being performed was recorded. Additionally, temperature, relative humidity and ventilation rate were recorded continuously. Emissions were calculated using a mass balance on each farm. Results showed PM concentrations in rabbit farms are low compared with poultry and pig farms. Average PM10 concentrations were 0.082±0.059 mg/m3 (fattening rabbits), and 0.048 ±0.058 mg/m3 (reproductive does). Average PM2.5 concentrations were 0.012±0.016 mg/m3 (fattening rabbits), and 0.012±0.035 mg/m3 (reproductive does). Particulate matter concentrations were significantly influenced by the type of human farm activity carried out in the building rather than by animal activity. The main PM-generating activity on the fattening rabbit farm was sweeping, and the major PM-generating activity in reproductive does was sweeping and burning hair from the cages. Average PM10 emissions were 5.987±6.144 mg/place/day (fattening rabbits), and 14.9±31.5 mg/place/day (reproductive does). Average PM2.5 emissions were 0.20±1.26 mg/place/day (fattening rabbits), and 2.83±19.54 mg/place/day (reproductive does). Emission results indicate that rabbit farms can be considered relevant point sources of PM emissions, comparable to other livestock species. Our results improve the knowledge on factors affecting concentration and emissions of PM in rabbit farms and can contribute to the design of suitable PM reduction measures to control not only PM inside rabbit houses, but also its emission into the atmosphere. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship The authors thank the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation for the economic support to conduct this study (Project GasFarm-2 AGL2008-04125) and the Campus de Excelencia Internacional of the Universitat Politecnica de Valencia. The authors are also grateful to the farmers and staff at the farms who collaborated during sampling periods. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.relation MICINN/AGL2008-04125
dc.relation.ispartof World Rabbit Science
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Rabbit es_ES
dc.subject Air quality es_ES
dc.subject Animal housing es_ES
dc.subject Atmospheric pollution es_ES
dc.subject Dust es_ES
dc.title Particulate matter concentrations and emissions in rabbit farms es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.date.updated 2012-07-18T10:55:22Z
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/wrs.2012.1035
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal - Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Animal es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica y del Medio Natural - Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Agronòmica i del Medi Natural es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Adell Sales, E.; Calvet Sanz, S.; Torres, AG.; Cambra López, M. (2012). Particulate matter concentrations and emissions in rabbit farms. World Rabbit Science. 20(1):1-11. doi:10.4995/wrs.2012.1035 es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2012.1035
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1
dc.description.upvformatpfin 11
dc.description.volume 20
dc.description.issue 1
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-8886
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)


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