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Assessing reforestation failure at the project scale: The margin for technical improvement under harsh conditions. A case study in a Mediterranean Dryland

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Assessing reforestation failure at the project scale: The margin for technical improvement under harsh conditions. A case study in a Mediterranean Dryland

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dc.contributor.author Campo García, Antonio Dámaso Del es_ES
dc.contributor.author Segura-Orenga, Guillem es_ES
dc.contributor.author Bautista, Inmaculada es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ceacero, Carlos J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author González-Sanchis, María es_ES
dc.contributor.author Molina, Antonio J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Hermoso, Javier es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-22T18:04:41Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-22T18:04:41Z
dc.date.issued 2021-11-20 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0048-9697 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/183575
dc.description.abstract [EN] Poor reforestation outcomes imply unfulfillment of program goals and might erode institutional willpower and political momentum towards reforestation efforts, affecting both public and private support. However, program improvement in real reforestation projects is challenging due to the conjunction of many different variables of distinct nature that mutually interact and feedback in an inextricable fashion. In this work, we deploy a comprehensive integral assessment of reforestation program based in a study case where technical and environmental information is gathered and related to indicators of performance both in the short and mid-term. This assessment aims to provide reliable end-results for survival and growth, unveils pitfalls on successful plantation establishment and allows for learning processes on how to improve plantation performance and the potential margin for this improvement. The selected project was carried out on harsh site conditions, with different species, cultural treatments and contractors, and was affected by the driest year on record, encompassing enough technical and ecological complexity that makes it suitable for the purpose of this study. Mortality, either in the short (53%) or in the mid-term (83%), was high, but very variable according to site and species. Anthropogenic variables (project planning and execution) gathered high relative importance on plantation performance in the first two years (11-29%) that decreased with time, whilst environmental variables (site and meteorological) showed increased importance ten years after planting (>50%). In the short-term, soil moisture and meteorology during planting season have been identified as key factors that trigger the effects of both technical decisions (planting date and planting technique) and other environmental variables on performance. In the design phase, some decisions related to zoning, species selection and cultural treatments application have been related to poor performance. The results provide practical information and guidelines for forest restoration improvement under similar setup. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This study is part of two research projects: "Comprehensive quality control of the reforestation works in the public forests of Cortes de Pallas, Valencia", signed by both the Polytechnic University of Valencia (Re-ForeST) and the state-owned company TRAGSA; and "Monitoring and evaluation of reforestation in forest V-143 Muela de Cortes, in the municipality of Cortes de Pallas (Valencia) , 10 years after its execution" (contract number CNMY18/0301/26) , signed by both the Polytechnic University of Valencia (Re-ForeST) and the Regional Government (CMAAUV, Generalitat Valenciana) . The authors are grateful to CYGSA staff (M Amparo Barber and Hector Cantos) , TRAGSA (Juan Ramon Torres) , Vaersa (Pedro Lazaro) and Ana Isabel Aparicio (UPV) for their assistance in the fieldwork during the installation of the plots and early growth measurements. Projects CEHYRFO-MED (CGL2017-86839-C3-2-R) , RESILIENT-FORESTS (LIFE17 CCA/ES/000063) and SilvAdapt.net (RED2018-102719-T) are acknowledged. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/UPV//CNMY18%2F0301%2F26/ es_ES
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI//RED2018-102719-T//RED ESPAÑOLA DE SELVICULTURA ADAPTATIVA AL CAMBIO CLIMATICO/ es_ES
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC//LIFE17 CCA%2FES%2F000063//RESILIENTFORESTS/ es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Science of The Total Environment es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Ecosystem restoration es_ES
dc.subject Restoration improvement es_ES
dc.subject Establishment es_ES
dc.subject Survival es_ES
dc.subject Growth es_ES
dc.subject Pinus sp. es_ES
dc.subject Boosted regression trees model es_ES
dc.subject.classification PRODUCCION VEGETAL es_ES
dc.subject.classification EDAFOLOGIA Y QUIMICA AGRICOLA es_ES
dc.subject.classification TECNOLOGIA DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA es_ES
dc.title Assessing reforestation failure at the project scale: The margin for technical improvement under harsh conditions. A case study in a Mediterranean Dryland es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148952 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016/CGL2017-86839-C3-2-R/ES/INCORPORACION DE CRITERIOS ECO-HIDROLOGICOS Y DE RESILIENCIA FRENTE A PERTURBACIONES CLIMATICAS Y DEL FUEGO EN LA PLANIFICACION Y GESTION FORESTAL DE CUENCAS MEDITERRANEAS/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Embargado es_ES
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2023-07-10 es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Producción Vegetal - Departament de Producció Vegetal es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Química - Departament de Química es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Rural y Agroalimentaria - Departament d'Enginyeria Rural i Agroalimentària es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente - Departament d'Enginyeria Hidràulica i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Campo García, ADD.; Segura-Orenga, G.; Bautista, I.; Ceacero, CJ.; González-Sanchis, M.; Molina, AJ.; Hermoso, J. (2021). Assessing reforestation failure at the project scale: The margin for technical improvement under harsh conditions. A case study in a Mediterranean Dryland. Science of The Total Environment. 796:1-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148952 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148952 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 17 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 796 es_ES
dc.identifier.pmid 34274661 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\449478 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Commission es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Agencia Estatal de Investigación es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES


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