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What names for covert awareness? A systematic review

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What names for covert awareness? A systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Schnakers, Caroline es_ES
dc.contributor.author Bauer, Chase es_ES
dc.contributor.author Formisano, Rita es_ES
dc.contributor.author Noé, Enrique es_ES
dc.contributor.author Llorens Rodríguez, Roberto es_ES
dc.contributor.author Lejeune, Nicolas es_ES
dc.contributor.author Farisco, Michele es_ES
dc.contributor.author Teixeira, Liliana es_ES
dc.contributor.author Morrissey, Ann-Marie es_ES
dc.contributor.author De Marco, Sabrina es_ES
dc.contributor.author Veeramuthu, Vigneswaran es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ilina, Kseniya es_ES
dc.contributor.author Edlow, Brian L. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Gosseries, Olivia es_ES
dc.contributor.author Zandalasini, Matteo es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-09T19:01:02Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-09T19:01:02Z
dc.date.issued 2022-08-05 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 1662-5161 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/192471
dc.description.abstract [EN] Background: With the emergence of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI), clinicians have been facing a new group of patients with severe acquired brain injury who are unable to show any behavioral sign of consciousness but respond to active neuroimaging or electrophysiological paradigms. However, even though well documented, there is still no consensus regarding the nomenclature for this clinical entity. Objectives: This systematic review aims to 1) identify the terms used to indicate the presence of this entity through the years, and 2) promote an informed discussion regarding the rationale for these names and the best candidates to name this fascinating disorder. Methods: The Disorders of Consciousness Special Interest Group (DoC SIG) of the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA) launched a search on Pubmed and Google scholar following PRISMA guidelines to collect peer-reviewed articles and reviews on human adults (> 18 years) published in English between 2006 and 2021. Results: The search launched in January 2021 identified 4,089 potentially relevant titles. After screening, 1,126 abstracts were found relevant. Finally, 161 manuscripts were included in our analyses. Only 58% of the manuscripts used a specific name to discuss this clinical entity, among which 32% used several names interchangeably throughout the text. We found 25 different names given to this entity. The five following names were the ones the most frequently used: covert awareness, cognitive motor dissociation, functional locked-in, non-behavioral MCS (MCS*) and higher-order cortex motor dissociation. Conclusion: Since 2006, there has been no agreement regarding the taxonomy to use for unresponsive patients who are able to respond to active neuroimaging or electrophysiological paradigms. Developing a standard taxonomy is an important goal for future research studies and clinical translation. We recommend a Delphi study in order to build such a consensus. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship MF was supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under the Specific Grant Agreement (No. 945539) (Human Brain Project SGA3). es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Human Neuroscience es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Vegetative state es_ES
dc.subject Unresponsive wakefulness syndrome es_ES
dc.subject Minimally conscious state es_ES
dc.subject Covert awareness es_ES
dc.subject Cognitive motor dissociation es_ES
dc.subject Functional locked-in es_ES
dc.subject Non-behavioral MCS es_ES
dc.subject Consciousnes es_ES
dc.title What names for covert awareness? A systematic review es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fnhum.2022.971315 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/945539/EU es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Schnakers, C.; Bauer, C.; Formisano, R.; Noé, E.; Llorens Rodríguez, R.; Lejeune, N.; Farisco, M.... (2022). What names for covert awareness? A systematic review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 16:1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.971315 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2022.971315 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 9 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 16 es_ES
dc.identifier.pmid 35992948 es_ES
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC9389234 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\481566 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder European Commission es_ES


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