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Implementation of a distributed sediment model in different data availability scenarios.

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Implementation of a distributed sediment model in different data availability scenarios.

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dc.contributor.advisor Francés García, Félix Ramón es_ES
dc.contributor.author Bussi, Gianbattista es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-20T10:53:57Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-20T10:53:57Z
dc.date.created 2014-02-28T10:30:43Z es_ES
dc.date.issued 2014-03-20T10:53:53Z es_ES
dc.identifier.isbn 978-84-9048-215-5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/36534
dc.description.abstract Soil erosion by water can cause agricultural soil losses, desertification, water pollution, reservoir sedimentation, local excess of erosion (such as bridge scour) or deposition, etc. For this reason, the assessment of soil erosion and sediment transport is a key component of integrated catchment management. One of the most useful and up-to-date tools available to catchment managers for soil erosion and sediment transport assessment is distributed modelling. During the last few decades, many sedimentological distributed models were developed and applied for a wide range of climates and basins. Their main advantage is that they allow spatial interpolation or extrapolation of their results. Nevertheless, their use is still limited by some constraints. One of the most relevant limitations to the use of such models is the lack of recorded sediment transport data to be used for model calibration and validation. It is widely recognised that both sediment discharge series and soil erosion measurements are only available in a few and small- to medium-size experimental catchments. The aim of this dissertation is to investigate the possibility of using reservoir sedimentation data as a source of proxy information for sedimentological model calibration and validation. In order to carry out this task, a distributed sedimentological model called TETIS was tested in set of catchments with different sediment data availability. First of all, the TETIS model, developed over the last years by the research group of hydrological and environmental modelling of the Technical University of Valencia, is described, especially focusing on the new features developed within this dissertation (sedimentological sub-model automatic calibration algorithm, small pond sediment retention module, etc.). Then, the model is applied to three catchments with different sediment data availability. The first case-study is the Goodwin Creek catchment (Mississippi, US), an experimental catchment with high sediment transport data availability. The model performance is evaluated, and some considerations are made on the estimation of the sediment volume deposited into the drainage network at the beginning of a rainstorm. The second case-study is the Rambla del Poyo catchment (Valencia, Spain), a medium size semi-arid catchment draining to a coastal lagoon with severe sedimentation problems. The TETIS sedimentological sub-model is calibrated and validated using check-dam sedimentation volumes as an estimator of the total sediment transport. A detailed description of the alluvial stratigraphy infilling a check dam that drains a 12.9 km2 sub-catchment was used as indirect information of sediment yield data. A further application was also developed in this catchment in order to investigate the possibility of calibrating and validating both the hydrological and the sediment sub-models by using reservoir sedimentation volumes and employing neither water nor sediment discharge direct records. The third case-study is the Ésera River catchment (Huesca, Spain), a 1,500 km2 Pyrenean catchment drained by a large reservoir. The depositional history of the reservoir was reconstructed and used for sediment sub-model implementation. The model results were compared with gauged suspended sediment data in order to verify model robustness. The results of this dissertation indicate that TETIS model is a robust tool which provides a reliable reconstruction of the catchment sediment cycle. Its implementation is subject to data availability, both for parameter estimation and for model calibration and validation. Nevertheless, this dissertation proved that sediment records can be replaced by reservoir sedimentation volumes with satisfactory results, taking into account reservoir trap efficiency and sediment dry bulk density. Two modelling approaches were proposed for sediment model implementation, depending on the data availability. These methodologies proved to be consistent and provided a correct estimation of the sediment transport. Nevertheless, further research is needed to address model limitations and to reduce model results uncertainty en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.source Riunet es_ES
dc.subject Sediment modelling es_ES
dc.subject Distributed modelling es_ES
dc.subject Soil erosion es_ES
dc.subject TETIS es_ES
dc.subject Reservoir sedimentation es_ES
dc.subject Check dams es_ES
dc.subject Proxy data. es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA es_ES
dc.title Implementation of a distributed sediment model in different data availability scenarios.
dc.type Tesis doctoral es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/Thesis/10251/36534 es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente - Departament d'Enginyeria Hidràulica i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Bussi, G. (2014). Implementation of a distributed sediment model in different data availability scenarios [Tesis doctoral]. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. doi:10.4995/Thesis/10251/36534 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod Alfresco es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.relation.tesis 6906 es_ES


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