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Free-Living Turtles Are a Reservoir for Salmonella but Not for Campylobacter

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Free-Living Turtles Are a Reservoir for Salmonella but Not for Campylobacter

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dc.contributor.author Marín, Clara es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ingresa-Capaccioni, Sofia es_ES
dc.contributor.author González Bodí, Sara es_ES
dc.contributor.author Marco Jiménez, Francisco es_ES
dc.contributor.author Vega Garcia, Santiago es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-28T12:09:35Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-28T12:09:35Z
dc.date.issued 2013-08
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/39276
dc.description.abstract Different studies have reported the prevalence of Salmonella in turtles and its role in reptile-associated salmonellosis in humans, but there is a lack of scientific literature related with the epidemiology of Campylobacter in turtles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella in free-living native (Emys orbicularis, n=83) and exotic (Trachemys scripta elegans, n=117) turtles from 11 natural ponds in Eastern Spain. In addition, different types of samples (cloacal swabs, intestinal content and water from Turtle containers) were compared. Regardless of the turtle species, natural ponds where individuals were captured and the type of sample taken, Campylobacter was not detected. Salmonella was isolated in similar proportions in native (8.0±3.1%) and exotic (15.0±3.3%) turtles (p=0.189). The prevalence of Salmonella positive turtles was associated with the natural ponds where animals were captured. Captured turtles from 8 of the 11 natural ponds were positive, ranged between 3.0±3.1% and 60.0±11.0%. Serotyping revealed 8 different serovars among four Salmonella enterica subspecies: S. enterica subsp. enterica (n = 21), S. enterica subsp. salamae (n = 2), S. enterica subsp. diarizonae (n = 3), and S. enterica subsp. houtenae (n = 1). Two serovars were predominant: S. Thompson (n=16) and S. typhimurium (n=3). In addition, there was an effect of sample type on Salmonella detection. The highest isolation of Salmonella was obtained from intestinal content samples (12.0±3.0%), while lower percentages were found for water from the containers and cloacal swabs (8.0±2.5% and 3.0±1.5%, respectively). Our results imply that free-living turtles are a risk factor for Salmonella transmission, but do not seem to be a reservoir for Campylobacter. We therefore rule out turtles as a risk factor for human campylobacteriosis. Nevertheless, further studies should be undertaken in other countries to confirm these results. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Conselleria de Infraestructura, Territorio y Medio Ambiente for their assistance and financial support (Life09-Trachemys, Resolution 28/02/12 CITMA). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Public Library of Science es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Trachemys-scripta-elegans es_ES
dc.subject United-states es_ES
dc.subject Risk-factors es_ES
dc.subject Pet turtle es_ES
dc.subject Multistate outbreak es_ES
dc.subject Mucosal samples es_ES
dc.subject Disease burden es_ES
dc.subject Infections es_ES
dc.subject Prevalence es_ES
dc.subject Reptiles es_ES
dc.subject.classification PRODUCCION ANIMAL es_ES
dc.title Free-Living Turtles Are a Reservoir for Salmonella but Not for Campylobacter es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0072350
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/GVA//LIFE09 NAT%2FES%2F000529/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ciencia Animal - Departament de Ciència Animal es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Marín, C.; Ingresa-Capaccioni, S.; González Bodí, S.; Marco Jiménez, F.; Vega Garcia, S. (2013). Free-Living Turtles Are a Reservoir for Salmonella but Not for Campylobacter. PLoS ONE. 8(8):1-6. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072350 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072350 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 6 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 8 es_ES
dc.description.issue 8 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 246534
dc.identifier.pmid 23951312 en_EN
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC3737154 en_EN
dc.contributor.funder Generalitat Valenciana es_ES
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