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Underwater Wireless Sensor Communications in the 2.4 GHz ISM Frequency Band

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Underwater Wireless Sensor Communications in the 2.4 GHz ISM Frequency Band

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dc.contributor.author Lloret, Jaime es_ES
dc.contributor.author Sendra Compte, Sandra es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ardid Ramírez, Miguel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Puga Coelho Rodrigues, Joel José es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-09T12:14:44Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-09T12:14:44Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04
dc.identifier.issn 1424-8220
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/45927
dc.description.abstract One of the main problems in underwater communications is the low data rate available due to the use of low frequencies. Moreover, there are many problems inherent to the medium such as reflections, refraction, energy dispersion, etc., that greatly degrade communication between devices. In some cases, wireless sensors must be placed quite close to each other in order to take more accurate measurements from the water while having high communication bandwidth. In these cases, while most researchers focus their efforts on increasing the data rate for low frequencies, we propose the use of the 2.4 GHz ISM frequency band in these special cases. In this paper, we show our wireless sensor node deployment and its performance obtained from a real scenario and measures taken for different frequencies, modulations and data transfer rates. The performed tests show the maximum distance between sensors, the number of lost packets and the average round trip time. Based on our measurements, we provide some experimental models of underwater communication in fresh water using EM waves in the 2.4 GHz ISM frequency band. Finally, we compare our communication system proposal with the existing systems. Although our proposal provides short communication distances, it provides high data transfer rates. It can be used for precision monitoring in applications such as contaminated ecosystems or for device communicate at high depth. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This work has been partially supported by the "Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion", through the "Plan Nacional de I+D+i 2008-2011" in the "Subprograma de Proyectos de Investigacion Fundamental", project TEC2011-27516, and by the Polytechnic University of Valencia, though the PAID-15-11 multidisciplinary projects. This work has also been partially supported by the Instituto de Telecomunicacoes, Next Generation Networks and Applications Group (NetGNA), Portugal, and by National Funding from the FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia through the PEst-OE/EEI/LA0008/2011 Project. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.relation Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion [TEC2011-27516] es_ES
dc.relation Polytechnic University of Valencia [PAID-15-11] es_ES
dc.relation Instituto de Telecomunicacoes, Next Generation Networks and Applications Group (NetGNA), Portugal es_ES
dc.relation FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia [PEst-OE/EEI/LA0008/2011] es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Sensors es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN) es_ES
dc.subject Underwater communication es_ES
dc.subject 2.4 GHz es_ES
dc.subject High data rates es_ES
dc.subject Electromagnetic waves es_ES
dc.subject.classification FISICA APLICADA es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA TELEMATICA es_ES
dc.subject.classification TECNOLOGIA ELECTRONICA es_ES
dc.subject.classification TEORIA DE LA SEÑAL Y COMUNICACIONES es_ES
dc.title Underwater Wireless Sensor Communications in the 2.4 GHz ISM Frequency Band es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/s120404237
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Comunicaciones - Departament de Comunicacions es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica - Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Física Aplicada - Departament de Física Aplicada es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto de Investigación para la Gestión Integral de Zonas Costeras - Institut d'Investigació per a la Gestió Integral de Zones Costaneres es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Lloret, J.; Sendra Compte, S.; Ardid Ramírez, M.; Puga Coelho Rodrigues, JJ. (2012). Underwater Wireless Sensor Communications in the 2.4 GHz ISM Frequency Band. Sensors. 12(4):4237-4264. doi:10.3390/s120404237 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s120404237 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 4237 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 4264 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 12 es_ES
dc.description.issue 4 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 236060
dc.identifier.pmid 22666029 en_EN
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC3355409 en_EN
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