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Alkylphenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in eastern Mediterranean Spanish coastal marine bivalves

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Alkylphenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in eastern Mediterranean Spanish coastal marine bivalves

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dc.contributor.author Bouzas Blanco, Alberto es_ES
dc.contributor.author Aguado García, Daniel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Martí Ortega, Nuria es_ES
dc.contributor.author Pastor, JM es_ES
dc.contributor.author Herraez, R es_ES
dc.contributor.author Campins, P es_ES
dc.contributor.author Seco Torrecillas, Aurora es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-30T08:31:21Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-30T08:31:21Z
dc.date.issued 2011-05
dc.identifier.issn 0167-6369
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/46560
dc.description.abstract This paper reports the first results on alkylphenol pollution in edible bivalves from the Spanish coast. Two sampling campaigns (July 2006 and July 2007) were carried out to determine the concentration of nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), and eight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in wild mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialys) and clams (Donax trunculus) at 14 sampling sites along the eastern Mediterranean Spanish coast. The results show that NP is the predominant alkylphenol, being the port of Valencia the most polluted area (up to 147 mu g/kg wet weight in clams). Moving away from the ports the concentration of NP in bivalves decreased. OP concentration was below its detection limit in most of the studied areas and its maximum concentration (6 mu g/kg w/w) was measured in clams from the port of Sagunto. The presence of low levels of PAHs was observed in most of the studied areas. The total PAHs concentration (i.e., sum of the eight measured PAHs) achieved a maximum value of 10.09 mu g/kg w/w in the north coast of Valencia city. The distribution pattern of the individual PAHs showed that both pollution sources petrogenic and pyrolytic were present in the sampled areas. Fluoranthene was the most abundant PAH in mussels while benzo(b)fluoranthene in clams. The maximum concentration of 10 mu g/kg w/w for benzo(a)pyrene established by the European Commission was never reached, indeed sampled bivalves showed concentrations 10 times lower than this reference value. Thus, they can be considered safe for human consumption. Despite the low contamination levels, the results show an overall pollution of bivalves by alkylphenol and PAHs as well as an increment in the number of polluted areas from 2006 to 2007. Thus, periodical sampling campaigns should be carried out to monitor the long-term tendency of these toxic and persistent pollutants. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Financial support from Conselleria de Medio Ambiente, Agua, Urbanismo y Vivienda de la Generalitat Valenciana (Application of Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC on endocrine disruptors and priority substances in coastal areas in the Comunidad Valenciana) is gratefully acknowledged. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) es_ES
dc.relation Conselleria de Medio Ambiente, Agua, Urbanismo y Vivienda de la Generalitat Valenciana es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Monitoring and Assessment es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Alkylphenols es_ES
dc.subject Bivalves es_ES
dc.subject Coastal waters es_ES
dc.subject Endocrine disruptors es_ES
dc.subject Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) es_ES
dc.subject Priority pollutants es_ES
dc.subject Endocrine disruptor es_ES
dc.subject Polycyclic aromatics es_ES
dc.subject Aromatic hydrocarbons es_ES
dc.subject Aromatization es_ES
dc.subject Chemical contamination es_ES
dc.subject Concentration (process) es_ES
dc.subject Organic compounds es_ES
dc.subject Phenols es_ES
dc.subject Pollution es_ES
dc.subject Pyrolysis es_ES
dc.subject Shellfish es_ES
dc.subject Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons es_ES
dc.subject Alkylphenol es_ES
dc.subject Anthracene es_ES
dc.subject Benzo[a]pyrene es_ES
dc.subject Benzo[b]fluoranthene es_ES
dc.subject Benzo[ghi]perylene es_ES
dc.subject Benzo[k]fluoranthene es_ES
dc.subject Dibenz[a,h]anthracene es_ES
dc.subject Fluoranthene es_ES
dc.subject Nonylphenol es_ES
dc.subject Octylphenol es_ES
dc.subject Unclassified drug es_ES
dc.subject Bioaccumulation es_ES
dc.subject Bivalve es_ES
dc.subject Coastal water es_ES
dc.subject Marine pollution es_ES
dc.subject PAH es_ES
dc.subject Phenol es_ES
dc.subject Analytic method es_ES
dc.subject Article es_ES
dc.subject Clam es_ES
dc.subject Concentration response es_ES
dc.subject Mussel es_ES
dc.subject Nonhuman es_ES
dc.subject Reference value es_ES
dc.subject Sea pollution es_ES
dc.subject Seashore es_ES
dc.subject Spain es_ES
dc.subject Water contamination es_ES
dc.subject Animals es_ES
dc.subject Bivalvia es_ES
dc.subject Environmental Monitoring es_ES
dc.subject Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic es_ES
dc.subject Water Pollutants, Chemical es_ES
dc.subject Comunidad Valencia es_ES
dc.subject Mediterranean Coast [Spain] es_ES
dc.subject Valencia [Comunidad Valencia] es_ES
dc.subject Valencia [Valencia (PRV)] es_ES
dc.subject Donax trunculus es_ES
dc.subject Mytilus es_ES
dc.subject.classification TECNOLOGIA DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE es_ES
dc.title Alkylphenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in eastern Mediterranean Spanish coastal marine bivalves es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10661-010-1574-5
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente - Departament d'Enginyeria Hidràulica i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería del Agua y del Medio Ambiente - Institut Universitari d'Enginyeria de l'Aigua i Medi Ambient es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Bouzas Blanco, A.; Aguado García, D.; Martí Ortega, N.; Pastor, J.; Herraez, R.; Campins, P.; Seco Torrecillas, A. (2011). Alkylphenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in eastern Mediterranean Spanish coastal marine bivalves. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 176(1-4):169-181. doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1574-5 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod Senia es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1574-5 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 169 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 181 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 176 es_ES
dc.description.issue 1-4 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 41376
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