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Reproductive strategies and food sources used by Acerophagus n. sp. near coccois, a new successful parasitoid of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus peruvianus

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Reproductive strategies and food sources used by Acerophagus n. sp. near coccois, a new successful parasitoid of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus peruvianus

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dc.contributor.author Beltrà Ivars, Aleixandre es_ES
dc.contributor.author Tena Barreda, Alejandro es_ES
dc.contributor.author Soto Sánchez, Antonia Isabel es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-13T07:45:44Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-13T07:45:44Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.identifier.issn 1612-4758
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/59768
dc.description.abstract Phenacoccus peruvianus Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a new invasive mealybug that causes important damages in ornamental plants in urban landscapes and nurseries in Southern Europe. Recently, a new species of genus Acerophagus Smith (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) has been recorded as the main parasitoid of P. peruvianus in Spain, displacing the native parasitoid Leptomastix epona Walker (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). In this work, we have determined some traits of the reproductive and feeding strategies of Acerophagus sp.: fecundity, immature developmental time, host instar suitability, and preference when parasitizing P. peruvianus, and the effect of natural occurring sugar sources on adult longevity. Acerophagus sp. egg load reached its maximum when it was 5 days old. Second and third nymphal instars and adults were suitable for parasitism and immature development (efficient encapsulation was low). Immature development lasted between 20 and 22 days. Acerophagus sp. developed as a solitary parasitoid in the second instar and as a gregarious parasitoid in older instars (2-4 parasitoids per host). All the emerged offspring were females. Acerophagus sp. always preferred older instars when different host instars were available. Finally, adults lived more than 20 days when fed on honey, but they lived fewer than 3 days when fed on naturally occurring sugar sources (host honeydew and host plant flowers, Bougainvillea glabra). The consequences of these characteristics on biological control and parasitoid rearing are discussed. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by one predoctoral grant [FPU (A. Beltra)] and a postdoctoral fellowship [Juan de la Cierva (A. Tena)] from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. English corrections were funded by the Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) es_ES
dc.relation Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness es_ES
dc.relation Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Pest Science es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Pseudococcidae es_ES
dc.subject Encyrtidae es_ES
dc.subject Egg load es_ES
dc.subject Survivorship es_ES
dc.subject Host suitability es_ES
dc.subject Parasitism es_ES
dc.subject.classification PRODUCCION VEGETAL es_ES
dc.subject.classification ECOSISTEMAS AGROFORESTALES (UPV) es_ES
dc.title Reproductive strategies and food sources used by Acerophagus n. sp. near coccois, a new successful parasitoid of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus peruvianus es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10340-012-0475-5
dc.rights.accessRights Cerrado es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ecosistemas Agroforestales - Departament d'Ecosistemes Agroforestals es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo - Institut Agroforestal Mediterrani es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Beltrà Ivars, A.; Tena Barreda, A.; Soto Sánchez, AI. (2013). Reproductive strategies and food sources used by Acerophagus n. sp. near coccois, a new successful parasitoid of the invasive mealybug Phenacoccus peruvianus. Journal of Pest Science. 86(2):253-259. doi:10.1007/s10340-012-0475-5 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10340-012-0475-5 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 253 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 259 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 86 es_ES
dc.description.issue 2 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 254339 es_ES
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