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Variation among tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) accessions from different cultivar groups: implications for conservation of genetic resources and breeding

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Variation among tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) accessions from different cultivar groups: implications for conservation of genetic resources and breeding

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dc.contributor.author Acosta-Quezada, P.G. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Martinez-Laborde, J.B. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Prohens Tomás, Jaime es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-29T07:11:21Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-29T07:11:21Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08
dc.identifier.issn 0925-9864
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/63155
dc.description.abstract Tree tomato (Solanum betaceum, Solanaceae) is a neglected small tree native to the Andean region used for its edible and juicy fruits. We have elaborated a list of 39 quantitative morphological descriptors for different plant parts (plant architecture, leaf, inflorescence and flower, infructescence and fruit, and seed) and have used them to characterize 24 accessions of tree tomato from different origins corresponding to five cultivar groups: orange, orange pointed, purple, red, and red conical. Several parameters, including range, maximum/minimum value ratio, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, and broad-sense heritability, as well as analyses of variance, have been used to validate the utility of the descriptors, which have proved useful for the characterization of this crop. Significant (P < 0.05) differences among accessions were found for the descriptors we evaluated, with the exception of three flower-size descriptors. Fruit and infructescence traits and seed number displayed the most variation and greatest heritability values. Considerable variation was found within each cultivar group for many traits. Many differences were found at the morphological level between the odd, red conical group, which includes a single accession with small fruits containing very few seeds, and all other cultivar groups. Ranges of variation among these other groups overlap for most of the descriptors studied, although the orange and red cultivar groups are the most distinct. Most of the significant correlations found among traits connect descriptors from the same part of the plant. Multivariate cluster and principal component analyses separated the tree tomato accessions into several morphologically similar groups. With the exception of single accession clusters, the rest of clusters contain accessions of several cultivar groups, reflecting considerable variation within cultivar groups, as well as (with the exception of the red conical group) a low degree of morphological differentiation among them. The descriptors we developed and the results obtained are relevant for the conservation and breeding of this promising fruit crop. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This work was partially financed by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (RF2008-00008-00-00) and by the Secretaria Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia from Ecuador (SENACYT). We are grateful to the curators of the genebanks that provided the germplasm needed to carry out this research. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) es_ES
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MICINN//RF2008-00008-00-00/ES/Regeneración, caracterización y documentación de recursos genéticos de berenjena/ es_ES
dc.relation Secretaria Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia from Ecuador (SENACYT) es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Correlations es_ES
dc.subject Descriptors es_ES
dc.subject Heritability es_ES
dc.subject Morphological characterization es_ES
dc.subject Multivariate analysis es_ES
dc.subject Solanum betaceum es_ES
dc.subject.classification GENETICA es_ES
dc.title Variation among tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) accessions from different cultivar groups: implications for conservation of genetic resources and breeding es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10722-010-9634-9
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Biotecnología - Departament de Biotecnologia es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Acosta-Quezada, P.; Martinez-Laborde, J.; Prohens Tomás, J. (2011). Variation among tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) accessions from different cultivar groups: implications for conservation of genetic resources and breeding. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 58(6):943-960. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-010-9634-9 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-010-9634-9 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 943 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 960 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 58 es_ES
dc.description.issue 6 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 215235 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación es_ES
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