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Ants impact the energy reserves of natural enemies through the shared honeydew exploitation

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Ants impact the energy reserves of natural enemies through the shared honeydew exploitation

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dc.contributor.author Calabuig Gomar, Altea es_ES
dc.contributor.author Tena Barreda, Alejandro es_ES
dc.contributor.author Wäkers, Felix L. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Lucia Fernandez-Arrojo es_ES
dc.contributor.author Plou, Francisco J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author García Mari, Ferran es_ES
dc.contributor.author Pekas, Apostolos es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-17T10:10:26Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-17T10:10:26Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12
dc.identifier.issn 0307-6946
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/64226
dc.description.abstract [EN] Ants, as well as many species of parasitoids and predators, rely on sugar-richfoodssuchashoneydewtofulfilltheirenergeticneeds.Thus,antsandnatural enemies may interact through the shared honeydew exploitation. 2.Ant-exclusionexperimentswereperformedinacitrusorchardtotestthehypothesis that ants may impact the energy reserves of predators and parasitoids through the competitionforhoneydew.Throughtheuseofhigh-performanceliquidchromatography (HPLC)thelevelofantactivitywiththeenergyreservesandfeedinghistoryofindividual specimens collected in the field during representative days of spring, summer, and autumn were related. 3. Out of 145 Aphytis chrysomphali Mercet parasitoids captured in the field, 65% were classified as sugar-fed and 24.7% as honeydew-fed. In summer, when ant activity peaked,therewasasignificant negativecorrelationbetweenthelevelofantactivityand the total sugar content and honeydew feeding incidence by A.chrysomphali. Out of 47 individuals of the predator Chrysoperla carnea sensu lato (Stephens), captured in the field, 55.3% were classified as sugar-fed. We found a significant negative effect of the level of ant activity on the sugar-feeding incidence by C.carneain spring. 4.Thepresentstudyprovidesevidencethatantscaninterferewiththeenergyreserves of natural enemies. This interaction may be widespread in various ecosystems with important consequences for the arthropod community composition and with practical implicationsforbiologicalcontrolgiventhatabsenceofsugarfeedingisdetrimentalfor thefitness of many species of predatorsand parasitoids es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Dr Jerome Casas is greatly acknowledged for valuable comments on earlier versions of the manuscript and Dr Petr Duelli for providing help with the Chrysoperla identifications. We also thank Dr Cristina Navarro Campos and Dr Aleixandre Beltra for their help in the field samplings and for stimulating discussions, Barbara Rodriguez for help in the laboratory analyses and the reviewers for their helpful comments. This work was supported by the project (RTA2010-00012-C02-02) assigned to F. G. M from the Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Spain and the project (BIO2013-48779-C4-1-R) from Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and COST action CM1303 on Systems Biocatalysis. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Wiley es_ES
dc.relation Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Spain RTA2010-00012-C02-02 es_ES
dc.relation Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation BIO2013-48779-C4-1-R es_ES
dc.relation COST action on Systems Biocatalysis CM1303 es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Ecological Entomology es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Ant hemiptera mutualism es_ES
dc.subject Aphytis chrysomphali es_ES
dc.subject Biological control es_ES
dc.subject Chrysoperla carnea es_ES
dc.subject Multitrophic interactions es_ES
dc.subject.classification PRODUCCION VEGETAL es_ES
dc.title Ants impact the energy reserves of natural enemies through the shared honeydew exploitation es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/een.12237
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo - Institut Agroforestal Mediterrani es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ecosistemas Agroforestales - Departament d'Ecosistemes Agroforestals es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Calabuig Gomar, A.; Tena Barreda, A.; Wäkers, FL.; Lucia Fernandez-Arrojo; Plou, FJ.; Garcia Marí, F.; Pekas, A. (2015). Ants impact the energy reserves of natural enemies through the shared honeydew exploitation. Ecological Entomology. 40:687-695. doi:10.1111/een.12237 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 687 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 695 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 40 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 301819 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 1365-2311


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