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Modeling residential water and related energy, carbon footprint and costs in California

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Modeling residential water and related energy, carbon footprint and costs in California

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dc.contributor.author Escrivà Bou, Àlvar es_ES
dc.contributor.author Lund, JR. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Pulido-Velazquez, M. es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-10T10:26:08Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-10T10:26:08Z
dc.date.issued 2015-06
dc.identifier.issn 1462-9011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/73777
dc.description.abstract Starting from single-family household water end-use data, this study develops an end-use model for water-use and related energy and carbon footprint using probability distributions for parameters affecting water consumption in 10 local water utilities in California. Monte Carlo simulations are used to develop a large representative sample of households to describe variability in use, with water bills for each house for different utility rate structures. The water-related energy consumption for each household realization was obtained using an energy model based on the different water end-uses, assuming probability distributions for hot-water-use for each appliance and water heater characteristics. Spatial variability is incorporated to account for average air and household water inlet temperatures and price structures for each utility. Water-related energy costs are calculated using averaged energy price for each location. CO2 emissions were derived from energy use using emission factors. Overall simulation runs assess the impact of several common conservation strategies on household water and energy use. Results show that single-family water-related CO2 emissions are 2% of overall per capita emissions, and that managing water and energy jointly can significantly reduce state greenhouse gas emissions. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This paper has been developed as a result of a mobility stay funded by the Erasmus Mundus Programme of the European Commission under the Transatlantic Partnership for Excellence in Engineering-TEE Project. The study has been partially supported by the Plan Nacional I+D+I 2008-2011 (Ministry of Science and Innovation, Spain), projects CGL2009-13238-C02-01 and CGL2009-13238-C02-02. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation Plan Nacional I+D+I (Ministry of Science and Innovation, Spain) CGL2009-13238-C02-01 CGL2009-13238-C02-02 es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Science and Policy es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject California es_ES
dc.subject Carbon footprint es_ES
dc.subject Greenhouse emissions es_ES
dc.subject Residential water-use es_ES
dc.subject Water-energy nexus es_ES
dc.subject Water-energy conservation es_ES
dc.subject Strategies es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA es_ES
dc.title Modeling residential water and related energy, carbon footprint and costs in California es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.envsci.2015.03.005
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos - Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyers de Camins, Canals i Ports es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Escrivà Bou, À.; Lund, J.; Pulido-Velazquez, M. (2015). Modeling residential water and related energy, carbon footprint and costs in California. Environmental Science and Policy. 50:270-281. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.03.005 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod Senia es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2015.03.005 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 270 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 281 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 50 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 287592 es_ES


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