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Growing conditions affect the phytochemical composition of edible wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides)

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Growing conditions affect the phytochemical composition of edible wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides)

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dc.contributor.author Guijarro-Real, Carla es_ES
dc.contributor.author Adalid-Martinez, Ana Maria es_ES
dc.contributor.author Aguirre, Katherine es_ES
dc.contributor.author Prohens Tomás, Jaime es_ES
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez Burruezo, Adrián es_ES
dc.contributor.author Fita, Ana es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-09T03:00:53Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-09T03:00:53Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-07 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/142896
dc.description.abstract [EN] Wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) is a wild vegetable with the potential to become a crop of high antioxidant quality. The main bioactive compounds include ascorbic acid (AA), sinigrin, and a high content of total phenolic compounds (TP). It also accumulates nitrates. Since these compounds are affected by environmental conditions, adequate crop management may enhance its quality. Eleven accessions of wall rocket were evaluated under field and greenhouse conditions during two cycles (winter and spring) and compared to Eruca sativa and Diplotaxis tenuifolia crops. The three species did not differ greatly. As an exception, sinigrin was only identified in wall rocket. For the within-species analysis, the results revealed a high effect of the growing system, but this was low among accessions. The highest contents of AA and TP were obtained under field conditions. In addition, the levels of nitrates were lower in this system. A negative correlation between nitrates and antioxidants was determined. As a counterpart, cultivation in the field¿winter environment significantly decreased the percentage of humidity (87%). These results are of relevance for the adaptation of wall rocket to different growing conditions and suggest that the field system enhances its quality. The low genotypic differences suggest that intra-species selections in breeding programs may consider other aspects with greater variation. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship C.G. is grateful to the Ministerio de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte of Spain (MECD) for the financial support by means of a predoctoral FPU grant (FPU14-06798). The authors also thank Ms. E. Moreno and Ms. M.D. Lerma for their help in the field tasks. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Agronomy es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento (by) es_ES
dc.subject Ascorbic acid es_ES
dc.subject Diplotaxis erucoides es_ES
dc.subject Field es_ES
dc.subject Greenhouse es_ES
dc.subject New crops es_ES
dc.subject Nitrates es_ES
dc.subject Sinigrin es_ES
dc.subject.classification GENETICA es_ES
dc.title Growing conditions affect the phytochemical composition of edible wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/agronomy9120858 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MECD//FPU2014-06798/ES/FPU2014-06798/ es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Instituto Universitario de Conservación y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana - Institut Universitari de Conservació i Millora de l'Agrodiversitat Valenciana es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Biotecnología - Departament de Biotecnologia es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Guijarro-Real, C.; Adalid-Martinez, AM.; Aguirre, K.; Prohens Tomás, J.; Rodríguez Burruezo, A.; Fita, A. (2019). Growing conditions affect the phytochemical composition of edible wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides). Agronomy. 9(12):1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120858 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120858 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 14 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 9 es_ES
dc.description.issue 12 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 2073-4395 es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela S\398594 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte es_ES
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