- -

Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies

RiuNet: Institutional repository of the Polithecnic University of Valencia

Share/Send to

Cited by


  • Estadisticas de Uso

Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies

Show full item record

Clairand-Gómez, J.; Guerra-Terán, P.; Serrano-Guerrero, JX.; González-Rodríguez, M.; Escrivá-Escrivá, G. (2019). Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies. Energies. 12(16):1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163114

Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10251/143123

Files in this item

Item Metadata

Title: Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies
Author: Clairand-Gómez, Jean-Michel Guerra-Terán, Paulo Serrano-Guerrero, Johnny Xavier González-Rodríguez, Mario Escrivá-Escrivá, Guillermo
UPV Unit: Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica - Departament d'Enginyeria Elèctrica
Issued date:
[EN] The market for electric vehicles (EVs) has grown with each year, and EVs are considered to be a proper solution for the mitigation of urban pollution. So far, not much attention has been devoted to the use of EVs for ...[+]
Subjects: Charging approaches , Electric bus , Electric taxi , Electric vehicle , Public transportation , Smart grid
Copyrigths: Reconocimiento (by)
Energies. (eissn: 1996-1073 )
DOI: 10.3390/en12163114
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163114
Project ID:
This research was funded by the project SIS.JCG.19.03 of Universidad de las Americas, Ecuador.
Type: Artículo


Emadi, A. (2011). Transportation 2.0. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 9(4), 18-29. doi:10.1109/mpe.2011.941320

Fahimi, B., Kwasinski, A., Davoudi, A., Balog, R., & Kiani, M. (2011). Charge It! IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 9(4), 54-64. doi:10.1109/mpe.2011.941321

Yilmaz, M., & Krein, P. T. (2013). Review of Battery Charger Topologies, Charging Power Levels, and Infrastructure for Plug-In Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28(5), 2151-2169. doi:10.1109/tpel.2012.2212917 [+]
Emadi, A. (2011). Transportation 2.0. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 9(4), 18-29. doi:10.1109/mpe.2011.941320

Fahimi, B., Kwasinski, A., Davoudi, A., Balog, R., & Kiani, M. (2011). Charge It! IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 9(4), 54-64. doi:10.1109/mpe.2011.941321

Yilmaz, M., & Krein, P. T. (2013). Review of Battery Charger Topologies, Charging Power Levels, and Infrastructure for Plug-In Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28(5), 2151-2169. doi:10.1109/tpel.2012.2212917

Tagliaferri, C., Evangelisti, S., Acconcia, F., Domenech, T., Ekins, P., Barletta, D., & Lettieri, P. (2016). Life cycle assessment of future electric and hybrid vehicles: A cradle-to-grave systems engineering approach. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 112, 298-309. doi:10.1016/j.cherd.2016.07.003

Zackrisson, M., Fransson, K., Hildenbrand, J., Lampic, G., & O’Dwyer, C. (2016). Life cycle assessment of lithium-air battery cells. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 299-311. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.104

Wu, Y., Yang, Z., Lin, B., Liu, H., Wang, R., Zhou, B., & Hao, J. (2012). Energy consumption and CO2 emission impacts of vehicle electrification in three developed regions of China. Energy Policy, 48, 537-550. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.05.060

Shen, W., Han, W., Chock, D., Chai, Q., & Zhang, A. (2012). Well-to-wheels life-cycle analysis of alternative fuels and vehicle technologies in China. Energy Policy, 49, 296-307. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.06.038

Wang, R., Wu, Y., Ke, W., Zhang, S., Zhou, B., & Hao, J. (2015). Can propulsion and fuel diversity for the bus fleet achieve the win–win strategy of energy conservation and environmental protection? Applied Energy, 147, 92-103. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.107

Clement-Nyns, K., Haesen, E., & Driesen, J. (2010). The Impact of Charging Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on a Residential Distribution Grid. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 25(1), 371-380. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2009.2036481

Shafiee, S., Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M., & Rastegar, M. (2013). Investigating the Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Power Distribution Systems. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 4(3), 1351-1360. doi:10.1109/tsg.2013.2251483

Pieltain Fernandez, L., Gomez San Roman, T., Cossent, R., Mateo Domingo, C., & Frias, P. (2011). Assessment of the Impact of Plug-in Electric Vehicles on Distribution Networks. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 26(1), 206-213. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2010.2049133

Lucas, A., Bonavitacola, F., Kotsakis, E., & Fulli, G. (2015). Grid harmonic impact of multiple electric vehicle fast charging. Electric Power Systems Research, 127, 13-21. doi:10.1016/j.epsr.2015.05.012

Turker, H., Bacha, S., Chatroux, D., & Hably, A. (2012). Low-Voltage Transformer Loss-of-Life Assessments for a High Penetration of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs). IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 27(3), 1323-1331. doi:10.1109/tpwrd.2012.2193423

Kempton, W., & Tomić, J. (2005). Vehicle-to-grid power fundamentals: Calculating capacity and net revenue. Journal of Power Sources, 144(1), 268-279. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.12.025

Guille, C., & Gross, G. (2009). A conceptual framework for the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) implementation. Energy Policy, 37(11), 4379-4390. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2009.05.053

Geng, Z., Conejo, A. J., Chen, Q., Xia, Q., & Kang, C. (2017). Electricity production scheduling under uncertainty: Max social welfare vs. min emission vs. max renewable production. Applied Energy, 193, 540-549. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.051

Verbruggen, A., Fischedick, M., Moomaw, W., Weir, T., Nadaï, A., Nilsson, L. J., … Sathaye, J. (2010). Renewable energy costs, potentials, barriers: Conceptual issues. Energy Policy, 38(2), 850-861. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2009.10.036

Oda, T., Aziz, M., Mitani, T., Watanabe, Y., & Kashiwagi, T. (2018). Mitigation of congestion related to quick charging of electric vehicles based on waiting time and cost–benefit analyses: A japanese case study. Sustainable Cities and Society, 36, 99-106. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2017.10.024

Arkin, E. M., Carmi, P., Katz, M. J., Mitchell, J. S. B., & Segal, M. (2019). Locating battery charging stations to facilitate almost shortest paths. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 254, 10-16. doi:10.1016/j.dam.2018.07.019

Gallardo-Lozano, J., Milanés-Montero, M. I., Guerrero-Martínez, M. A., & Romero-Cadaval, E. (2012). Electric vehicle battery charger for smart grids. Electric Power Systems Research, 90, 18-29. doi:10.1016/j.epsr.2012.03.015

Aziz, M., Oda, T., & Ito, M. (2016). Battery-assisted charging system for simultaneous charging of electric vehicles. Energy, 100, 82-90. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.01.069

Mehboob, N., Restrepo, M., Canizares, C. A., Rosenberg, C., & Kazerani, M. (2019). Smart Operation of Electric Vehicles With Four-Quadrant Chargers Considering Uncertainties. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 10(3), 2999-3009. doi:10.1109/tsg.2018.2816404

García-Villalobos, J., Zamora, I., San Martín, J. I., Asensio, F. J., & Aperribay, V. (2014). Plug-in electric vehicles in electric distribution networks: A review of smart charging approaches. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 38, 717-731. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.040

Richardson, D. B. (2013). Electric vehicles and the electric grid: A review of modeling approaches, Impacts, and renewable energy integration. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 19, 247-254. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.11.042

Haidar, A. M. A., Muttaqi, K. M., & Sutanto, D. (2014). Technical challenges for electric power industries due to grid-integrated electric vehicles in low voltage distributions: A review. Energy Conversion and Management, 86, 689-700. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2014.06.025

Mwasilu, F., Justo, J. J., Kim, E.-K., Do, T. D., & Jung, J.-W. (2014). Electric vehicles and smart grid interaction: A review on vehicle to grid and renewable energy sources integration. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 34, 501-516. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.03.031

Habib, S., Kamran, M., & Rashid, U. (2015). Impact analysis of vehicle-to-grid technology and charging strategies of electric vehicles on distribution networks – A review. Journal of Power Sources, 277, 205-214. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.12.020

Tan, K. M., Ramachandaramurthy, V. K., & Yong, J. Y. (2016). Integration of electric vehicles in smart grid: A review on vehicle to grid technologies and optimization techniques. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 53, 720-732. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.012

Raslavičius, L., Azzopardi, B., Keršys, A., Starevičius, M., Bazaras, Ž., & Makaras, R. (2015). Electric vehicles challenges and opportunities: Lithuanian review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, 786-800. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.076

Rahman, I., Vasant, P. M., Singh, B. S. M., Abdullah-Al-Wadud, M., & Adnan, N. (2016). Review of recent trends in optimization techniques for plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicle charging infrastructures. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 58, 1039-1047. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.353

Faddel, S., Al-Awami, A., & Mohammed, O. (2018). Charge Control and Operation of Electric Vehicles in Power Grids: A Review. Energies, 11(4), 701. doi:10.3390/en11040701

Ercan, T., Onat, N. C., & Tatari, O. (2016). Investigating carbon footprint reduction potential of public transportation in United States: A system dynamics approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 133, 1260-1276. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.051

Kwan, S. C., & Hashim, J. H. (2016). A review on co-benefits of mass public transportation in climate change mitigation. Sustainable Cities and Society, 22, 11-18. doi:10.1016/j.scs.2016.01.004

Kolbe, K. (2019). Mitigating urban heat island effect and carbon dioxide emissions through different mobility concepts: Comparison of conventional vehicles with electric vehicles, hydrogen vehicles and public transportation. Transport Policy, 80, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.05.007

Zalakeviciute, R., Rybarczyk, Y., López-Villada, J., & Diaz Suarez, M. V. (2018). Quantifying decade-long effects of fuel and traffic regulations on urban ambient PM 2.5 pollution in a mid-size South American city. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 9(1), 66-75. doi:10.1016/j.apr.2017.07.001

Dell’ Olio, L., Ibeas, A., & Cecin, P. (2011). The quality of service desired by public transport users. Transport Policy, 18(1), 217-227. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.08.005

Mahmoud, M., Garnett, R., Ferguson, M., & Kanaroglou, P. (2016). Electric buses: A review of alternative powertrains. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 62, 673-684. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.019

Nissan Leafhttps://www.nissan.co.uk/vehicles/new-vehicles/leaf/range-charging.html

Introducing the Fully Charged 2020 Kia Soul EVhttps://www.kia.com/us/en/content/vehicles/upcoming-vehicles/2020-soul-ev


Tesla Model Shttps://www.tesla.com/models


Urbino Electrichttps://www.solarisbus.com/en/vehicles/zero-emissions/urbino-electric

Volvo 7900 Electrichttps://www.volvobuses.co.uk/en-gb/our-offering/buses/volvo-7900-electric/specifications.html

Collin, R., Miao, Y., Yokochi, A., Enjeti, P., & von Jouanne, A. (2019). Advanced Electric Vehicle Fast-Charging Technologies. Energies, 12(10), 1839. doi:10.3390/en12101839

Yang, Y., El Baghdadi, M., Lan, Y., Benomar, Y., Van Mierlo, J., & Hegazy, O. (2018). Design Methodology, Modeling, and Comparative Study of Wireless Power Transfer Systems for Electric Vehicles. Energies, 11(7), 1716. doi:10.3390/en11071716

Bi, Z., Song, L., De Kleine, R., Mi, C. C., & Keoleian, G. A. (2015). Plug-in vs. wireless charging: Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions for an electric bus system. Applied Energy, 146, 11-19. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.02.031

Siqi Li, & Mi, C. C. (2015). Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicle Applications. IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, 3(1), 4-17. doi:10.1109/jestpe.2014.2319453

Musavi, F., & Eberle, W. (2014). Overview of wireless power transfer technologies for electric vehicle battery charging. IET Power Electronics, 7(1), 60-66. doi:10.1049/iet-pel.2013.0047

Wang, Z., Wei, X., & Dai, H. (2015). Design and Control of a 3 kW Wireless Power Transfer System for Electric Vehicles. Energies, 9(1), 10. doi:10.3390/en9010010

Sarker, M. R., Pandzic, H., & Ortega-Vazquez, M. A. (2015). Optimal Operation and Services Scheduling for an Electric Vehicle Battery Swapping Station. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 30(2), 901-910. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2014.2331560

Adegbohun, F., von Jouanne, A., & Lee, K. (2019). Autonomous Battery Swapping System and Methodologies of Electric Vehicles. Energies, 12(4), 667. doi:10.3390/en12040667

OPPChargeCommon Interface for Automated Charging of Hybrid Electric and Electric Commercial Vehicleshttps://www.oppcharge.org/dok/OPPCharge Specification 2nd edition 20190421.pdf

Fast Charging of Electric Vehicleshttps://www.oppcharge.org

Jiang, C. X., Jing, Z. X., Cui, X. R., Ji, T. Y., & Wu, Q. H. (2018). Multiple agents and reinforcement learning for modelling charging loads of electric taxis. Applied Energy, 222, 158-168. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.164

Fraile-Ardanuy, J., Castano-Solis, S., Álvaro-Hermana, R., Merino, J., & Castillo, Á. (2018). Using mobility information to perform a feasibility study and the evaluation of spatio-temporal energy demanded by an electric taxi fleet. Energy Conversion and Management, 157, 59-70. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.070

Rao, R., Cai, H., & Xu, M. (2018). Modeling electric taxis’ charging behavior using real-world data. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 12(6), 452-460. doi:10.1080/15568318.2017.1388887

Litzlbauer, M. (2015). Technische Machbarkeitsanalyse einer rein elektrisch betriebenen Taxiflotte. e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik, 132(3), 172-177. doi:10.1007/s00502-015-0296-3

Liao, B., Li, L., Li, B., Mao, J., Yang, J., Wen, F., & Salam, M. A. (2016). Load modeling for electric taxi battery charging and swapping stations: Comparison studies. 2016 IEEE 2nd Annual Southern Power Electronics Conference (SPEC). doi:10.1109/spec.2016.7846135

Zou, Y., Wei, S., Sun, F., Hu, X., & Shiao, Y. (2016). Large-scale deployment of electric taxis in Beijing: A real-world analysis. Energy, 100, 25-39. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.01.062

Asamer, J., Reinthaler, M., Ruthmair, M., Straub, M., & Puchinger, J. (2016). Optimizing charging station locations for urban taxi providers. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 85, 233-246. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2016.01.014

Yang, J., Dong, J., & Hu, L. (2017). A data-driven optimization-based approach for siting and sizing of electric taxi charging stations. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 77, 462-477. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2017.02.014

Jiang, C., Jing, Z., Ji, T., & Wu, Q. (2018). Optimal location of PEVCSs using MAS and ER approach. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 12(20), 4377-4387. doi:10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1907

Pan, A., Zhao, T., Yu, H., & Zhang, Y. (2019). Deploying Public Charging Stations for Electric Taxis: A Charging Demand Simulation Embedded Approach. IEEE Access, 7, 17412-17424. doi:10.1109/access.2019.2894780

Chen Lianfu, Zhang, W., Huang, Y., & Zhang, D. (2014). Research on the charging station service radius of electric taxis. 2014 IEEE Conference and Expo Transportation Electrification Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific). doi:10.1109/itec-ap.2014.6941081

Yang, Y., Zhang, W., Niu, L., & Jiang, J. (2015). Coordinated Charging Strategy for Electric Taxis in Temporal and Spatial Scale. Energies, 8(2), 1256-1272. doi:10.3390/en8021256

Niu, L., & Zhang, D. (2015). Charging Guidance of Electric Taxis Based on Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization. The Scientific World Journal, 2015, 1-9. doi:10.1155/2015/354952

Yang, Z., Guo, T., You, P., Hou, Y., & Qin, S. J. (2019). Distributed Approach for Temporal–Spatial Charging Coordination of Plug-in Electric Taxi Fleet. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 15(6), 3185-3195. doi:10.1109/tii.2018.2879515

Rossi, F., Iglesias, R., Alizadeh, M., & Pavone, M. (2020). On the Interaction Between Autonomous Mobility-on-Demand Systems and the Power Network: Models and Coordination Algorithms. IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, 7(1), 384-397. doi:10.1109/tcns.2019.2923384

Liang, Y., Zhang, X., Xie, J., & Liu, W. (2017). An Optimal Operation Model and Ordered Charging/Discharging Strategy for Battery Swapping Stations. Sustainability, 9(5), 700. doi:10.3390/su9050700

XU, X., YAO, L., ZENG, P., LIU, Y., & CAI, T. (2015). Architecture and performance analysis of a smart battery charging and swapping operation service network for electric vehicles in China. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 3(2), 259-268. doi:10.1007/s40565-015-0118-y

Jing, Z., Fang, L., Lin, S., & Shao, W. (2014). Modeling for electric taxi load and optimization model for charging/swapping facilities of electric taxi. 2014 IEEE Conference and Expo Transportation Electrification Asia-Pacific (ITEC Asia-Pacific). doi:10.1109/itec-ap.2014.6941160

Wang, Y., Ding, W., Huang, L., Wei, Z., Liu, H., & Stankovic, J. A. (2018). Toward Urban Electric Taxi Systems in Smart Cities: The Battery Swapping Challenge. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 67(3), 1946-1960. doi:10.1109/tvt.2017.2774447

You, P., Yang, Z., Zhang, Y., Low, S. H., & Sun, Y. (2016). Optimal Charging Schedule for a Battery Switching Station Serving Electric Buses. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 31(5), 3473-3483. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2015.2487273

Yang, Z., Sun, L., Chen, J., Yang, Q., Chen, X., & Xing, K. (2014). Profit Maximization for Plug-In Electric Taxi With Uncertain Future Electricity Prices. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 29(6), 3058-3068. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2014.2311120

Yang, Z., Sun, L., Ke, M., Shi, Z., & Chen, J. (2014). Optimal Charging Strategy for Plug-In Electric Taxi With Time-Varying Profits. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 5(6), 2787-2797. doi:10.1109/tsg.2014.2354473

Yang, J., Xu, Y., & Yang, Z. (2017). Regulating the Collective Charging Load of Electric Taxi Fleet via Real-Time Pricing. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 32(5), 3694-3703. doi:10.1109/tpwrs.2016.2643685

Du, R., Liao, G., Zhang, E., & Wang, J. (2018). Battery charge or change, which is better? A case from Beijing, China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 192, 698-711. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.05.021

Yang, J., Dong, J., Lin, Z., & Hu, L. (2016). Predicting market potential and environmental benefits of deploying electric taxis in Nanjing, China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 49, 68-81. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2016.08.037

You, P., Low, S. H., Yang, Z., Zhang, Y., & Lingkun Fu. (2016). Real-time recommendation algorithm of battery swapping stations for electric taxis. 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM). doi:10.1109/pesgm.2016.7741620

Dai, Q., Cai, T., Duan, S., & Zhao, F. (2014). Stochastic Modeling and Forecasting of Load Demand for Electric Bus Battery-Swap Station. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 29(4), 1909-1917. doi:10.1109/tpwrd.2014.2308990

Mohamed, M., Farag, H., El-Taweel, N., & Ferguson, M. (2017). Simulation of electric buses on a full transit network: Operational feasibility and grid impact analysis. Electric Power Systems Research, 142, 163-175. doi:10.1016/j.epsr.2016.09.032

Zhang, X. (2018). Short-Term Load Forecasting for Electric Bus Charging Stations Based on Fuzzy Clustering and Least Squares Support Vector Machine Optimized by Wolf Pack Algorithm. Energies, 11(6), 1449. doi:10.3390/en11061449

Ding, H., Hu, Z., & Song, Y. (2015). Value of the energy storage system in an electric bus fast charging station. Applied Energy, 157, 630-639. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.058

Qin, N., Gusrialdi, A., Paul Brooker, R., & T-Raissi, A. (2016). Numerical analysis of electric bus fast charging strategies for demand charge reduction. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 94, 386-396. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2016.09.014

Huimiao Chen, Zechun Hu, Zhiwei Xu, Jiayi Li, Honggang Zhang, Xue Xia, … Mingwei Peng. (2016). Coordinated charging strategies for electric bus fast charging stations. 2016 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC). doi:10.1109/appeec.2016.7779677

Chen, H., Hu, Z., Zhang, H., & Luo, H. (2018). Coordinated charging and discharging strategies for plug-in electric bus fast charging station with energy storage system. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 12(9), 2019-2028. doi:10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.0636

Gao, Y., Guo, S., Ren, J., Zhao, Z., Ehsan, A., & Zheng, Y. (2018). An Electric Bus Power Consumption Model and Optimization of Charging Scheduling Concerning Multi-External Factors. Energies, 11(8), 2060. doi:10.3390/en11082060

Cheng, Y., & Tao, J. (2018). Optimization of A Micro Energy Network Integrated with Electric Bus Battery Swapping Station and Distributed PV. 2018 2nd IEEE Conference on Energy Internet and Energy System Integration (EI2). doi:10.1109/ei2.2018.8582236

Sebastiani, M. T., Luders, R., & Fonseca, K. V. O. (2016). Evaluating Electric Bus Operation for a Real-World BRT Public Transportation Using Simulation Optimization. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 17(10), 2777-2786. doi:10.1109/tits.2016.2525800

Wang, Y., Huang, Y., Xu, J., & Barclay, N. (2017). Optimal recharging scheduling for urban electric buses: A case study in Davis. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 100, 115-132. doi:10.1016/j.tre.2017.01.001

Liu, Z., Song, Z., & He, Y. (2018). Planning of Fast-Charging Stations for a Battery Electric Bus System under Energy Consumption Uncertainty. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2672(8), 96-107. doi:10.1177/0361198118772953

Leou, R.-C., & Hung, J.-J. (2017). Optimal Charging Schedule Planning and Economic Analysis for Electric Bus Charging Stations. Energies, 10(4), 483. doi:10.3390/en10040483

Bak, D.-B., Bak, J.-S., & Kim, S.-Y. (2018). Strategies for Implementing Public Service Electric Bus Lines by Charging Type in Daegu Metropolitan City, South Korea. Sustainability, 10(10), 3386. doi:10.3390/su10103386

Chen, Z., Yin, Y., & Song, Z. (2018). A cost-competitiveness analysis of charging infrastructure for electric bus operations. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 93, 351-366. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2018.06.006

Cheng, Y., Wang, W., Ding, Z., & He, Z. (2019). Electric bus fast charging station resource planning considering load aggregation and renewable integration. IET Renewable Power Generation, 13(7), 1132-1141. doi:10.1049/iet-rpg.2018.5863

An, K., Jing, W., & Kim, I. (2019). Battery-swapping facility planning for electric buses with local charging systems. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 14(7), 489-502. doi:10.1080/15568318.2019.1573939

Yang, C., Lou, W., Yao, J., & Xie, S. (2018). On Charging Scheduling Optimization for a Wirelessly Charged Electric Bus System. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 19(6), 1814-1826. doi:10.1109/tits.2017.2740329

Bhaskar Naik, M., Kumar, P., & Majhi, S. (2019). Smart public transportation network expansion and its interaction with the grid. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 105, 365-380. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2018.08.009

Raab, A., Lauth, E., Strunz, K., & Göhlich, D. (2019). Implementation Schemes for Electric Bus Fleets at Depots with Optimized Energy Procurements in Virtual Power Plant Operations. World Electric Vehicle Journal, 10(1), 5. doi:10.3390/wevj10010005

Xu, Z., Su, W., Hu, Z., Song, Y., & Zhang, H. (2016). A Hierarchical Framework for Coordinated Charging of Plug-In Electric Vehicles in China. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 7(1), 428-438. doi:10.1109/tsg.2014.2387436

Jian, L., Yongqiang, Z., & Hyoungmi, K. (2018). The potential and economics of EV smart charging: A case study in Shanghai. Energy Policy, 119, 206-214. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.04.037

Clairand, J.-M., Rodríguez-García, J., & Álvarez-Bel, C. (2018). Electric Vehicle Charging Strategy for Isolated Systems with High Penetration of Renewable Generation. Energies, 11(11), 3188. doi:10.3390/en11113188

Liu, N., Lin, X., Chen, Q., Zou, F., & Chen, Z. (2017). Optimal Configuration for Batteries and Chargers in Battery Switch Station Considering Extra Waiting Time of Electric Vehicles. Journal of Energy Engineering, 143(1), 04016035. doi:10.1061/(asce)ey.1943-7897.0000389

Ma, Y., Ke, R.-Y., Han, R., & Tang, B.-J. (2017). The analysis of the battery electric vehicle’s potentiality of environmental effect: A case study of Beijing from 2016 to 2020. Journal of Cleaner Production, 145, 395-406. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.131

Clairand, J.-M., Arriaga, M., Canizares, C. A., & Alvarez-Bel, C. (2019). Power Generation Planning of Galapagos’ Microgrid Considering Electric Vehicles and Induction Stoves. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 10(4), 1916-1926. doi:10.1109/tste.2018.2876059

Green eMotionhttp://www.greenemotion-project.eu/home/home.php

El Bus Eléctrico Inteligente que funcionará en Vitoria a partir de 2020https://www.ecoticias.com/motor/195107/Bus-Electrico-Inteligente-funcionara-Vitoria-partir-2020


CIVITAS: Cleaner and Better Transport in Citieshttps://civitas.eu/

The Elcidis Projecthttps://www.elcidis.org/project.htm

Las principales flotas y proyectos con buses eléctricos alrededor del mundohttp://www.revistacolectibondi.com.ar/2019/04/21/las-principales-flotas-y-proyectos-con-buses-electricos-alrededor-del-mundo/

Li, Y., Zhan, C., de Jong, M., & Lukszo, Z. (2016). Business innovation and government regulation for the promotion of electric vehicle use: lessons from Shenzhen, China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 134, 371-383. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.10.013

Henke, M., & Dietrich, T.-H. (2017). High power inductive charging system for an electric taxi vehicle. 2017 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC). doi:10.1109/itec.2017.7993242

Europe’s Largest Fleethttps://www.schiphol.nl/en/schiphol-group/page/europes-largest-fleet-of-fully-electric-buses/

Electric Bus Infrastructure Comes to Vancouverhttps://www.canada.ca/en/natural-resources-canada/news/2018/04/electric-bus-infrastructure-comes-to-vancouver.html

Green Electric Cars in Oxy-Taxi Service in Kievhttps://destinations.com.ua/cars-boats/green-electric-cars-in-oxy-taxi-service-in-kiev

Electric Mobility—Materialshttp://www.research.bayer.com/en/23-electric-mobility.pdf

Olivares, D. E., Mehrizi-Sani, A., Etemadi, A. H., Canizares, C. A., Iravani, R., Kazerani, M., … Hatziargyriou, N. D. (2014). Trends in Microgrid Control. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 5(4), 1905-1919. doi:10.1109/tsg.2013.2295514

Arriaga, M., Canizares, C. A., & Kazerani, M. (2016). Long-Term Renewable Energy Planning Model for Remote Communities. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 7(1), 221-231. doi:10.1109/tste.2015.2483489




This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record