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Albanian bunkers. Modern fortifications built in socialism

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Albanian bunkers. Modern fortifications built in socialism

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dc.contributor.author Veizaj, Denada es_ES
dc.contributor.author Islami, Gjergji es_ES
dc.contributor.author Maliqari, Andrea es_ES
dc.coverage.spatial east=20.168331; north=41.153332; name=Albània es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T07:58:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T07:58:54Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-15
dc.identifier.isbn 9788490488560
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/147116
dc.description.abstract [EN] During the communist regime of Enver Hoxha, Albania built nearly 200 000 bunkers as a measure of protection towards an imaginary attack from (un)known enemies of the Popular Socialist Republic. Most of these structures built in concrete are still part of the landscapes almost in every part of the territory. While the most common type is small and identified from the semi spherical shape, particular bunkers have quite large dimensions and specific features related to their function and location. During the last five years, three of the most unique modern fortifications built during socialism for the displacement of the governmental authorities in case of war, were revealed and made accessible to the public. These structures, transformed today in museums, cultural spaces or simply visitable attractions, are the symbol of an auto-referenced reality within Europe, where the paranoia produced an unusual typology of modern age fortifications. These bunkers, planned to withstand twentieth century military attacks, are extraordinary structures in terms of engineering and building features, and at the same time they represent a very valuable heritage related to the history of communism in Albania. This article aims to offer a comprehensive analysis of the fortification of the Albanian territory during the twentieth century as an overall country defence plan, while focusing on the governmental bunkers in order to understand how the ideological differences with the rest of the world created the need for protection and produced an amazing military infrastructure. The discussion on the future of these structures seems to be strongly related to the ability of recognising these modern fortifications on the Mediterranean as cultural heritage. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Fortifications es_ES
dc.subject Mediterranean es_ES
dc.subject Modern age es_ES
dc.subject Built Heritage es_ES
dc.subject Bunker es_ES
dc.subject Albania es_ES
dc.subject Socialism es_ES
dc.title Albanian bunkers. Modern fortifications built in socialism es_ES
dc.type Capítulo de libro es_ES
dc.type Comunicación en congreso es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/FORTMED2020.2020.11492
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Veizaj, D.; Islami, G.; Maliqari, A. (2020). Albanian bunkers. Modern fortifications built in socialism. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. 1009-1016. https://doi.org/10.4995/FORTMED2020.2020.11492 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod OCS es_ES
dc.relation.conferencename FORTMED2020 - Defensive Architecture of the Mediterranean es_ES
dc.relation.conferencedate Octubre 01-03,2020 es_ES
dc.relation.conferenceplace Granada, Spain es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://ocs.editorial.upv.es/index.php/FORTMED/FORTMED2020/paper/view/11492 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 1009 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 1016 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela OCS\11492 es_ES


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