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The Fortifications of Chalcis (Evripos/Negreponte/Egriboz), Greece

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The Fortifications of Chalcis (Evripos/Negreponte/Egriboz), Greece

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dc.contributor.author Mamaloukos, Stavros es_ES
dc.coverage.spatial east=23.6228734; north=38.4686919; name=Dimarchou Skoura 2, Chalkida 341 00, Grècia es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-10T11:10:57Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-10T11:10:57Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-15
dc.identifier.isbn 9788490488560
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/147765
dc.description.abstract [EN] The aim of this paper is the study of the now destroyed fortifications of the Greek city of Chalcis (Evripos / Negreponte / Egriboz). Having been an important urban centre during the Early and Middle Byzantine Period, Chalcis was occupied by the Latins after the capture of Constantinople in 1204 and became a significant trade centre of Venice. By the end of the fourteenth century, the city became a Venetian holding. In 1470 the Ottomans captured the city after a brief siege. In 1688 the city was unsuccessfully besieged by the Venetians. And in 1833 it was annexed by the Greek State. In the end of the nineteenth century the fortifications of Chalcis were almost completely demolished during an attempt to reorganize and modernize the city. The fortified medieval city of Chalcis, the Kastro, had the shape of a long, irregular pentagon with maximum dimensions 400 x 700 m. It was surrounded on three sides, namely the north, west and south, by sea. Along its two other sides, the northeast and the southeast, there was a dry moat. Its fortifications had three gates, one on Euripus bridge and two on the land wall, through which the city was connected with Boeotia and Euboea, respectively. From the study of the fortifications, based on their depictions in old engravings and photographs as well as on some poor and still visible remnants, it appears that until their demolition the city walls retained to a large extent their late medieval form, although they had undergone significant interventions by the Ottomans, mainly on the eve, and just after the siege of 1688. The only surviving part of the city’s defences, the fort of Karababa, built on the steep hill of the Boeotian coast, can be dated to this period. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Fortifications es_ES
dc.subject Mediterranean es_ES
dc.subject Modern age es_ES
dc.subject Built Heritage es_ES
dc.subject Chalcis (Evripos / Negreponte / Egriboz) es_ES
dc.subject Medieval fortifications es_ES
dc.subject Fortifications of the early artillery era es_ES
dc.subject Venetian fortifications es_ES
dc.subject Ottoman fortifications es_ES
dc.title The Fortifications of Chalcis (Evripos/Negreponte/Egriboz), Greece es_ES
dc.type Capítulo de libro es_ES
dc.type Comunicación en congreso es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/FORTMED2020.2020.11331
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Mamaloukos, S. (2020). The Fortifications of Chalcis (Evripos/Negreponte/Egriboz), Greece. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. 631-638. https://doi.org/10.4995/FORTMED2020.2020.11331 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod OCS es_ES
dc.relation.conferencename FORTMED2020 - Defensive Architecture of the Mediterranean es_ES
dc.relation.conferencedate Octubre 01-03,2020 es_ES
dc.relation.conferenceplace Granada, Spain es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://ocs.editorial.upv.es/index.php/FORTMED/FORTMED2020/paper/view/11331 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 631 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 638 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela OCS\11331 es_ES


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