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Preliminary evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed gum as a potential prebiotic for growing rabbits in Tunisia: effects on in vivo faecal digestibility and in vitro fermentation

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Preliminary evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed gum as a potential prebiotic for growing rabbits in Tunisia: effects on in vivo faecal digestibility and in vitro fermentation

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dc.contributor.author Zemzmi, J. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ródenas, L. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Blas, E. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Abdouli, H. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Najar, T. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Pascual, J.J. es_ES
dc.coverage.spatial east=9.537499; north=33.886917; name=Governació de Gabès, Tunísia es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-06T07:02:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-06T07:02:24Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09-30
dc.identifier.issn 1257-5011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/151175
dc.description.abstract [EN] This study aims to determine the effect of dietary inclusion of fenugreek seed gum (FSG), rich in galactomannans, on nutrient apparent digestibility and caecal environment, as well as on in vitro caecal fermentation of Tunisian growing rabbits. Three experimental diets were formulated, including 0, 0.25 and 0.5% of FSG (FSG0, FSG0.25 and FSG0.5, respectively) for the in vivo trial and 0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 100% of FSG (FSG0, FSG0125, FSG0.25, FSG0.5 and FSG100, respectively) for the in vitro trial. In the in vivo trial, 45 weaned rabbits 31 d old (15 per treatment) were housed in individual cages until 94 d of age. Apparent digestibility coefficients were determined at two ages, from 38 to 41 and from 56 to 59 d old, and caecal traits were recorded after slaughtering. In the in vitro trial, the five experimental diets were incubated with a rabbit caecal inoculum. Gas production was measured and modelled until 72 h and the fermentation traits were measured. Apparent faecal digestibility coefficients of main nutrients and main caecal environment traits were not significantly affected by the dietary inclusion of FSG (P>0.05). However, animals fed with FSG showed lower caecal pH (–0.15; P<0.05) values. Regarding the in vitro fermentation, FSG100 increased asymptotic gas production (+11.25, P<0.001), sharpness of the switching characteristic of the profile (+1.98, P<0.001) and the maximum substrate degradation rate (RM) (+0.188, P<0.001), but decreasing the time after incubation at which half of the asymptotic amount of gas has been formed (–5.86, P<0.001) and at which RM occurs (–4.53, P<0.01). Likewise, FSG100 significantly decreased caecal pH (–1.035, P<0.001), lactic acid (–9.51, P<0.069) and N-NH3 concentrations (–12.81, P<0.001). Meanwhile, it increased the total volatile fatty acids (VFA) production (+43.15, P<0.001). Gradual dietary inclusion of FSG from 0 to 0.5% only significantly increased total VFA production in the caecum (+100 mmol/L per percentage point of FSG inclusion; P<0.05). In conclusion, FSG is highly and rapidly in vitro fermented by rabbit caecal bacteria. However, dietary inclusion of FSG up to 0.5%, might be insufficient to affect the apparent digestibility and fermentation profile of growing rabbits to a great extent. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This study is supported by the Interministerial Commission for Science and Technology (CICYT) of the Spanish Government (AGL2017-85162-C2-1R), the Universitat Politècnica de València (Project 20180290; Spain), and the Higher School of Agriculture of Mateur of the Carthage University (Tunisia Republic). Grant assistance for Jihed Zemzmi from the Carthage University is also gratefully acknowledged. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.relation CICYT/AGL2017-85162-C2-1R es_ES
dc.relation UPV/20180290 es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof World Rabbit Science es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Compartir igual (by-nc-sa) es_ES
dc.subject Rabbit es_ES
dc.subject In vivo es_ES
dc.subject In vitro es_ES
dc.subject Fenugreek seed gum es_ES
dc.subject Faecal digestibility es_ES
dc.subject Caecal fermentation es_ES
dc.title Preliminary evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed gum as a potential prebiotic for growing rabbits in Tunisia: effects on in vivo faecal digestibility and in vitro fermentation es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/wrs.2020.12994
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Zemzmi, J.; Ródenas, L.; Blas, E.; Abdouli, H.; Najar, T.; Pascual, J. (2020). Preliminary evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed gum as a potential prebiotic for growing rabbits in Tunisia: effects on in vivo faecal digestibility and in vitro fermentation. World Rabbit Science. 28(3):113-122. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2020.12994 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod OJS es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2020.12994 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 113 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 122 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 28 es_ES
dc.description.issue 3 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-8886
dc.relation.pasarela OJS\12994 es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.contributor.funder Université de Carthage, Túnez es_ES
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