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HBIM approach to implement the historical and constructive knowledge. The case of the Real Colegiata of San Isidoro (León, Spain)

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HBIM approach to implement the historical and constructive knowledge. The case of the Real Colegiata of San Isidoro (León, Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Santoni, Arianna es_ES
dc.contributor.author Martín-Talaverano, Rafael es_ES
dc.contributor.author Quattrini, Ramona es_ES
dc.contributor.author Murillo-Fragero, José Ignacio es_ES
dc.coverage.spatial east=-5.570797920227051; north=42.60077493181584; name=Basílica de San Isidoro, León, España es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-16T11:51:50Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-16T11:51:50Z
dc.date.issued 2021-01-19
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/161435
dc.description.abstract [EN] The development of Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) focuses (among other uses) on the adaptation of the BIM methodology to the historical building’s features, as well as on increasing geometric accuracy and on model data enrichment. Regarding the first issue, it can be underlined, on the one hand, that historical buildings are the result of a sequence of transformations that take place throughout their whole history; they cannot be considered as unitary objects that have been created in a single moment. Therefore, they have a temporal sequence which can be understood as the essence of their evolving nature. On the other hand, historical architecture has different construction materials and techniques, with other kinds of features and pathological processes that are quite different from those of contemporary buildings. In this line, this study proposes a new workflow that allows outlining new criteria that include both the temporal sequence and the constructive features of historical buildings. For this purpose, the case study of the Real Colegiata of San Isidoro in León (Spain) has been considered. In order to create the model, several modelling strategies have been used to compare both the results and the time spent in this task. Then, the model has been divided into several parts, both in terms of constructive criteria and temporal stratification, and thus, the database and the implemented information have been organized following such essential aspects of the historical building. Finally, to provide an advanced and more efficient use of the information, customized queries have been created using Dynamo, allowing searching with combined criteria and the isolation and visualization of the resulting elements. This could be helpful for both research and conservation and management activities.Highlights:A comparison of modelling strategies applied to historical buildings taking into consideration their singularities and estimation of required times and benefits.The division and taxonomy of the model to incorporate both the temporal sequence and the constructive aspects, allowing enrichment of the HBIM model with customized parameters.The development of queries generated in Dynamo to allow customized and combined searches of data, optimizing the use of the database. es_ES
dc.description.abstract [ES] El desarrollo del modelado de información de edificios históricos (HBIM) se ha centrado, entre otros aspectos, en la adaptación de la metodología BIM a las características específicas de la arquitectura histórica, en el aumento de la precisión geométrica y en el enriquecimiento de los datos relacionados con el modelo. En referencia al primer aspecto, podemos destacar que los edificios históricos se caracterizan por ser el producto de una secuencia de transformaciones que tienen lugar a lo largo de su historia, de modo que no pueden concebirse como objetos unitarios creados en un momento determinado, sino que incorporan una secuencia temporal que forma parte de su esencia evolutiva. Por otro lado, a diferencia de las edificaciones actuales, la arquitectura histórica emplea técnicas y materiales constructivos distintos con características y patología diferentes. En esta línea, el presente trabajo tiene como objetivo proponer un nuevo método de trabajo que permita incorporar la secuencia temporal y las características constructivas de los edificios históricos, centrándose en el caso de la Real Colegiata de San Isidoro, en León (España). Para ello, se han analizado y comparado varias estrategias de modelado, atendiendo fundamentalmente a los resultados obtenidos y al tiempo empleado en cada una de ellas. Posteriormente, el modelo se ha dividido en varias partes, teniendo en cuenta las características constructivas y la estratificación temporal y, de este modo, tanto la base de datos como la información implementada se han organizado en base a estos aspectos esenciales del edificio histórico. Finalmente, con la intención de permitir un uso avanzado y más eficiente de la información, se ha creado un sistema de consultas personalizadas con Dynamo, lo que permite la búsqueda basada en criterios combinados y la identificación y visualización de los elementos resultantes, lo cual podrá ser útil para las labores de investigación y de conservación. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This research has been developed within the framework of the CampusWorld programme of the Università Politecnica delle Marche (Italy). The research is also partially framed in CIVITAS, Strategic research project of UNIVPM. The authors would like to thank the helpful collaboration of both the staff of the Museo de San Isidoro, as well as of the Servicio de Restauración of the Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural of the Junta de Castilla y León for providing the access and some data of the analyzed building. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Virtual Archaeology Review es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Historical architecture es_ES
dc.subject Archaeology of architecture es_ES
dc.subject Historic building information modelling (HBIM) es_ES
dc.subject 3D reconstruction es_ES
dc.subject Level of knowledge (LOK) es_ES
dc.subject Visual programming language (VPL) es_ES
dc.subject Arquitectura histórica es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología de la arquitectura es_ES
dc.subject Modelado de información de edificios históricos (HBIM) es_ES
dc.subject Reconstrucción 3D es_ES
dc.subject Nivel de conocimiento (LOK) es_ES
dc.subject Lenguaje de programación visual (VPL) es_ES
dc.title HBIM approach to implement the historical and constructive knowledge. The case of the Real Colegiata of San Isidoro (León, Spain) es_ES
dc.title.alternative Procedimiento HBIM para implementar el conocimiento histórico-constructivo. El caso de la Real Colegiata de San Isidoro (León, España) es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/var.2021.13661
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Santoni, A.; Martín-Talaverano, R.; Quattrini, R.; Murillo-Fragero, JI. (2021). HBIM approach to implement the historical and constructive knowledge. The case of the Real Colegiata of San Isidoro (León, Spain). Virtual Archaeology Review. 12(24):49-65. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2021.13661 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod OJS es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2021.13661 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 49 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 65 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 12 es_ES
dc.description.issue 24 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-9947
dc.relation.pasarela OJS\13661 es_ES
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