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Evaluación de Modelos Agroclimáticos de Cálculo de la Evapotranspiración para Jardinería. Aplicación en el Jardín del Campus de Vera de la Universitat Politècnica de València

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Evaluación de Modelos Agroclimáticos de Cálculo de la Evapotranspiración para Jardinería. Aplicación en el Jardín del Campus de Vera de la Universitat Politècnica de València

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dc.contributor.advisor Manzano Juarez, Juan es_ES
dc.contributor.advisor San Bautista Primo, Alberto es_ES
dc.contributor.author Clemente Angulo, Sandra María es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-17T08:10:06Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-17T08:10:06Z
dc.date.created 2014-12-19
dc.date.issued 2015-07-17 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/53383
dc.description.abstract [EN] Evapotranspiration (ET) is the combination of two separate processes by which water is lost through evaporation ground surface, and moreover, by crop transpiration. Evapotranspiration is usually measured in millimeters (mm) per unit of time and its measurement is vital in arid and semiarid regions, where it is essential for determining the water needs of crops and thus for the design and management irrigation systems. The concept of potential evapotranspiration (ETP) was introduced to express the evaporation power of the atmosphere in a specific location and time of year, without considering the crop characteristics and the soil factors. Doorenbos and Pruit (1977) recommend the use of reference evapotranspiration (ET0) as a necessary variable in the calculation of the water requirements of crops. Factors related to the cultivation and management were encompassed in the empirical function Kc = ETc / ET0 where ETc is the crop evapotranspiration. Currently the Penman-Monteith is the only one method recommended by FAO and ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) to determine ET0 with the climatic parameters of radiation, air temperature, air humidity and wind speed. But this method has the disadvantage of the large amount of data required and it is urgent the assessment of simpler methods of calculation the ET0 in connection with the Penman-Monteith method. Therefore, the main objective of this work is to evaluate simpler mathematical models for calculating the evapotranspiration, using as comparison criterion the Penman-Monteith method. Furthermore, it is intended to obtain a balance of soil moisture from climate variables and parameters of irrigation in order to establish a coefficient of garden (Kj) relating the ET0 and ETc . The study is performed for the period from 2010 to 2013 as from climatic data of extraterrestrial radiation, temperature, relative humidity and wind speed obtained in the meteorological observatory of the Polytechnic University of Valencia. ET0 is calculated with climate data using the following methods: Penman-Monteith (1990), Hargreaves (1975), Hargreaves (1985), Samani (2000) and Priestley-Taylor (1972). After calculating the ET0 with such methods, using daily values of climatic variables involved in each method and mean values for each month, are proposed a number of alternative models with changes in their leading coefficients. Then the new coefficients are estimated through a recalibration between the values of ET0 Penman-Monteith and climatic variables involved in each model, using a nonlinear fit for each model studied. Moreover, in this work we have calculated the moisture balance of garden soil from the Polytechnic University of Valencia as the difference that occurs between the inputs (precipitation or irrigation) and water outflows (evapotranspiration, surface runoff and deep percolation); And it has also been measured moisture content of the soil using FDR probes. After statistical analysis, it can be said that for the ET0 monthly values best results are obtained with the method of Hargreaves (1985) with all coefficients recalibrated. However, for daily values of ET0, the method that works best is the Priestley-Taylor, also recalibrating all the coefficients of the equation. Finally, comparing graphically the soil moisture content calculated by the balance of moisture and the moisture content measured using probes FDR, has been obtained a garden coefficient (Kj) 0,33 which relates the ET0 and ETc , and it is a value comparable to the results of other studies. es_ES
dc.description.abstract [ES] Actualmente el método de Penman-Monteith es el único recomendado por la FAO y la ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) para determinar la ET0 con parámetros climáticos de radiación, temperatura del aire, humedad atmosférica y velocidad del viento. Pero dicho método presenta el inconveniente de la gran cantidad de datos requeridos y es urgente la evaluación de métodos más sencillos de cálculo de la ET0 en relación con el método de Penman-Monteith. Por ello, el principal objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar modelos matemáticos de cálculo de la evapotranspiración más sencillos, utilizando como criterio de comparación la ecuación de Penman-Monteith. Además, se pretende obtener un balance de humedad en el suelo a partir de variables climáticas y parámetros de riego, con el fin de establecer un coeficiente de jardín (Kj) que relacione la ET0 y la ETc. El estudio se realiza para el período de años de 2010 a 2013 a partir de los datos climáticos de radiación extraterrestre, temperatura, h es_ES
dc.language Español es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Calibration es_ES
dc.subject Coeficient garden es_ES
dc.subject Evapotranspiration es_ES
dc.subject Evapotranspiración es_ES
dc.subject Coeficiente de jardín es_ES
dc.subject Riego es_ES
dc.subject Jardín es_ES
dc.subject Humedad del suelo es_ES
dc.subject Sondas FDR es_ES
dc.subject.classification PRODUCCION VEGETAL es_ES
dc.subject.classification INGENIERIA AGROFORESTAL es_ES
dc.subject.other Grado en Ingeniería Agroalimentaria y del Medio Rural-Grau en Enginyeria Agroalimentària i del Medi Rural es_ES
dc.title Evaluación de Modelos Agroclimáticos de Cálculo de la Evapotranspiración para Jardinería. Aplicación en el Jardín del Campus de Vera de la Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.type Proyecto/Trabajo fin de carrera/grado es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica y del Medio Natural - Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Agronòmica i del Medi Natural es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Producción Vegetal - Departament de Producció Vegetal es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Clemente Angulo, SM. (2014). Evaluación de Modelos Agroclimáticos de Cálculo de la Evapotranspiración para Jardinería. Aplicación en el Jardín del Campus de Vera de la Universitat Politècnica de València. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/53383. es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod TFGM es_ES
dc.relation.pasarela TFGM\21251 es_ES


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