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Eggplant relatives as sources of variation for developing new rootstocks: effects of grafting on eggplant yield and fruit apparent quality and composition

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Eggplant relatives as sources of variation for developing new rootstocks: effects of grafting on eggplant yield and fruit apparent quality and composition

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dc.contributor.author Gisbert Domenech, María Carmen es_ES
dc.contributor.author Prohens Tomás, Jaime es_ES
dc.contributor.author Raigón Jiménez, Mª Dolores es_ES
dc.contributor.author Stommel, J.R. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Nuez Viñals, Fernando es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-20T06:26:18Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-20T06:26:18Z
dc.date.issued 2011-02-25
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4238
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/64449
dc.description.abstract We propose the utilization of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) interspecific hybrids derived from crosses with closely related species as an approach for developing new improved rootstocks for eggplant. Here we investigate rootstock effects on fruit yield, apparent quality and proximate and mineral composition of S. melongena 'Black Beauty' (BB) scions grafted on interspecific hybrid rootstocks developed from crosses of S. melongena with Solanum incanum L. (SI x SM) and Solanum aethiopicum L. (SM x SA). The results are compared with non-grafted (BB control) and self-grafted (BB/BB) controls and with S. melongena 'Black Beauty' scions grafted onto Solanum torvum Sw. (STO) and Solanum macrocarpon L (SMA) rootstocks. All treatments were grown in a soil naturally infested with root-knot nematodes (mostly Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood). SI x SM and SM x SA interspecific hybrids had high germination (>= 90%) and total graft success (100%). Contrary to what occurred with all other treatments, no plants from scions grafted onto these hybrid rootstocks died during the experiment. In particular, the SI x SM hybrid rootstock conferred the highest vigour to the scion, which resulted in the highest values for fruit earliness and early and total yield. Little difference was observed among treatments for apparent fruit quality traits, except for a greater fruit calyx length and prickliness of fruit grafted onto SMA rootstocks. A similar result was obtained for fruit composition where phenolics content was higher in fruit from plants grafted onto SMA rootstocks. Grafting eggplant onto interspecific eggplant hybrids, especially on the SI x SM hybrid, has proved advantageous for eggplant production, as the high vigour and good compatibility of the rootstock with scion results in improved early and total yield without negative effects on apparent fruit quality or composition. Interspecific hybrids represent an alternative to the commonly used STO rootstock, which is a wild species with irregular germination. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This work was partially financed by the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia (AGL2009-07257 and RF-2008-00008-00-00). The technical assistance of Nuria Palacios and Mariola Plazas is gratefully acknowledged. en_EN
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia AGL2009-07257 RF-2008-00008-00-00 es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Scientia Horticulturae es_ES
dc.rights Reserva de todos los derechos es_ES
dc.subject Interspecific hybrids es_ES
dc.subject S. incanum es_ES
dc.subject S. macrocarpon es_ES
dc.subject S. melongena es_ES
dc.subject S. torvum es_ES
dc.subject Vigour es_ES
dc.subject.classification GENETICA es_ES
dc.subject.classification QUIMICA ANALITICA es_ES
dc.subject.classification EDAFOLOGIA Y QUIMICA AGRICOLA es_ES
dc.title Eggplant relatives as sources of variation for developing new rootstocks: effects of grafting on eggplant yield and fruit apparent quality and composition es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.scienta.2010.12.007
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Biotecnología - Departament de Biotecnologia es_ES
dc.contributor.affiliation Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Química - Departament de Química es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Gisbert Domenech, MC.; Prohens Tomás, J.; Raigón Jiménez, MD.; Stommel, J.; Nuez Viñals, F. (2011). Eggplant relatives as sources of variation for developing new rootstocks: effects of grafting on eggplant yield and fruit apparent quality and composition. Scientia Horticulturae. 128(1):14-22. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2010.12.007 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod S es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.12.007 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 14 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 22 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 128 es_ES
dc.description.issue 1 es_ES
dc.relation.senia 206193 es_ES


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