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Seeking a common ground for the Nautical Archaeology Digital Library (NADL). Reflections on science, method, theory and templates

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Seeking a common ground for the Nautical Archaeology Digital Library (NADL). Reflections on science, method, theory and templates

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dc.contributor.author Borrero L., Ricardo es_ES
dc.contributor.author Schwindingera, Patricia es_ES
dc.contributor.author Castelli, Ana es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ciarlo, Nicolas C. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Torres, Rodrigo es_ES
dc.contributor.author Manders, Martijn es_ES
dc.contributor.author Castro, Filipe es_ES
dc.contributor.author Furuta, Richard es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-16T11:24:56Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-16T11:24:56Z
dc.date.issued 2021-01-19
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10251/161420
dc.description.abstract [EN] Data sharing is a fundamental process for the advancement of both natural and social sciences. Starting from the idea that computers and the internet have drastically changed the world in the last decades, this paper advocates for the creation of a space where archaeologists from around the world can share information about maritime history and exchange data with colleagues. Following the principles of open access, we argue that raw data publication is necessary and significant for the development and democratization of the discipline. This study explains the fundamental aspects of the Nautical Archaeology Digital Library (NADL) and its efforts to standardize information collection for shipwrecks and related sites, so that scholars can create a community to disseminate both raw data and complete information in the field of maritime archaeology. To achieve this, our purpose is to facilitate the development of common-ground methodology and terminology that promotes an intelligible dialogue within the global community of nautical archaeologists. This paper addresses some considerations on terminology and systematization in scientific disciplines and discusses the theoretical and methodological issues linked to the process of making a template for recording shipwrecks. Furthermore, this article analyses some of the problems related to the standardization of description processes and the necessity to create a flexible system that accounts for data diversity. The third section discusses how science is greatly enhanced by publishing information in open access platforms.Highlights:Standardization of data allows robust comparative and inter-subjective analysis of coastal and maritime projects, shipwrecks and nautical technology.Research is strongly benefited by sharing information underlying publications and raw data generated within a project in open source platforms.Digital databases such as NADL enhance cooperative research, as well as teaching and outreach strategies. es_ES
dc.description.abstract [ES] Compartir información es un proceso fundamental para el desarrollo de las ciencias naturales y sociales. Partiendo de la idea de que las computadoras e Internet han cambiado drásticamente el mundo en las últimas décadas, este trabajo aboga por la creación de un espacio en el que arqueólogos de alrededor del mundo puedan compartir información sobre historia marítima e intercambiar datos con otros colegas. Siguiendo los principios del libre acceso, sostenemos que la publicación de datos en bruto es necesaria y significativa para el desarrollo y democratización de la disciplina. Este artículo explica los fundamentos de la Biblioteca Digital de Arqueología Náutica (NADL: https://nadl.tamu.edu/) y sus esfuerzos por estandarizar el registro de la información sobre naufragios y sitios relacionados, para que los investigadores puedan crear una comunidad de divulgación, tanto de datos primarios como de información completa en el campo de la arqueología marítima. Para lograrlo, nuestro propósito es contribuir al desarrollo de una metodología y terminología común que promueva un diálogo inteligible entre la comunidad global de arqueólogos náuticos. En este artículo presentamos algunas consideraciones sobre la terminología y la sistematización en las disciplinas científicas y discutimos los problemas teóricos y metodológicos vinculados al proceso de creación de una plantilla para el registro de naufragios. Además, reflexionamos sobre algunos de los problemas relacionados con la estandarización de los procesos descriptivos y la necesidad de crear un sistema flexible que refleje la diversidad de los datos. Finalmente, discutimos cómo la ciencia se ve enormemente favorecida por la publicación de información en plataformas de libre acceso. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship This paper is a result of a T3 Texas A&M University grant. We want to thank the NADL community for their input. This paper is based on extensive discussions among the community. We would also like to thank Prof. José Luis Lerma, the editorial team of VAR and the reviewers for their insightful comments. es_ES
dc.language Inglés es_ES
dc.publisher Universitat Politècnica de València es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof Virtual Archaeology Review es_ES
dc.rights Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada (by-nc-nd) es_ES
dc.subject Estandarización es_ES
dc.subject Datos primarios es_ES
dc.subject Fuente abierta es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología náutica es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología marítima es_ES
dc.subject Arqueología digital es_ES
dc.subject Standardization es_ES
dc.subject Primary data es_ES
dc.subject Open-source publication es_ES
dc.subject Nautical archaeology es_ES
dc.subject Maritime archaeology es_ES
dc.subject Digital archaeology es_ES
dc.title Seeking a common ground for the Nautical Archaeology Digital Library (NADL). Reflections on science, method, theory and templates es_ES
dc.title.alternative En busca de un horizonte común para la Biblioteca digital de arqueología náutica (NADL). Reflexiones sobre ciencia, método, teoría y plantillas es_ES
dc.type Artículo es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.4995/var.2021.14331
dc.rights.accessRights Abierto es_ES
dc.description.bibliographicCitation Borrero L., R.; Schwindingera, P.; Castelli, A.; Ciarlo, NC.; Torres, R.; Manders, M.; Castro, F.... (2021). Seeking a common ground for the Nautical Archaeology Digital Library (NADL). Reflections on science, method, theory and templates. Virtual Archaeology Review. 12(24):11-24. https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2021.14331 es_ES
dc.description.accrualMethod OJS es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2021.14331 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpinicio 11 es_ES
dc.description.upvformatpfin 24 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es_ES
dc.description.volume 12 es_ES
dc.description.issue 24 es_ES
dc.identifier.eissn 1989-9947
dc.relation.pasarela OJS\14331 es_ES
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